Antigenic differences among porcine circovirus type 2 strains, as demonstrated by the use of monoclonal antibodies

Loading...
Thumbnail Image

Date

2008

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Journal of General Virology

Abstract

This study examined whether antigenic differences among porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2) strains could be detected using monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). A subtractive immunization protocol was used for the genotype 2 post-weaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS)-associated PCV-2 strain Stoon-1010. Sixteen stable hybridomas that produced mAbs with an immunoperoxidase monolayer assay (IPMA) titre of 1000 or more to Stoon-1010 were obtained. Staining of recombinant PCV-2 virus-like particles demonstrated that all mAbs were directed against the PCV-2 capsid protein. Cross-reactivity of mAbs was tested by IPMA and neutralization assay for genotype 1 strains 48285, 1206, VC2002 and 1147, and genotype 2 strains 1121 and 1103. Eleven mAbs (9C3, 16G12, 21C12, 38C1, 43E10, 55B1, 63H3, 70A7, 94H8, 103H7 and 114C8) recognized all strains in the IPMA and demonstrated neutralization of Stoon-1010, 48285, 1206 and 1103, but not VC2002, 1147 and 1121. mAbs 31D5, 48B5, 59C6 and 108E8 did not react with genotype 1 strains or had a reduced affinity compared with genotype 2 strains in the IPMA and neutralization assay. mAb 13H4 reacted in the IPMA with PMWS-associated strains Stoon-1010, 48285, 1206 and VC2002, and the porcine dermatitis and nephropathy syndrome-associated strain 1147, but not with reproductive failure-associated strains 1121 and 1103. mAb 13H4 did not neutralize any of the tested strains. It was concluded that, despite the high amino acid identity of the capsid protein (¢91 %), antigenic differences at the capsid protein level are present among PCV-2 strains with a different genetic and clinical background.

Description

Journal of General Virology 2008, Vol. 89:pp 177–187

Keywords

Porcine circovirus, Monoclonal antibodies, 2 (PCV-2), Immunoperoxidase monolayer assay

Citation