Comparative study of nutritional status of communities engaged in different livelihood systems in Bagamoyo district, Tanzania

Thumbnail Image



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Sokoine University of Agriculture


A cross-sectional study was conducted in Bagamoyo district to compare the nutritional status of communities engaged in three livelihood systems namely fishing, pastoralism and farming found in three villages of Mlingotini, Chamakweza and Kiwangwa. Anthropometric and haemoglobin level assessments were conducted on 794 individuals from 133 households. The findings show that malnutrition (wasting, stunting and underweight) in underfive children were not significantly different in the three livelihood systems. The prevalence of low BMI-for-age in school-age children was higher in the pastoralist livelihood (31.2%) and lower in farming livelihood (15.6%). Further analysis showed significant difference in BMI-for-age whereby the pastoralist boys and girls had higher rate of low BMI-for-age and lower mean scores. Malnutrition rate in adults was highest in fishing livelihood (37.9%) and was lowest in pastoralist livelihood (27.1.7%). The total overnutrition (overweight and obesity) was higher among adult females in farming and undernutrition was higher among pastoralist females. Prevalence of anaemia was significantly higher among underfives and children of 5-11 years old in pastoralists and lower among farming children. The study recommends for intervention programmes that will focus on eliminating the factors that impact on people’s nutrition outcome such as structural or underlying factors of the people livelihood systems and vulnerability to those particular factors (shocks).




Nutritional status, Bagamoyo district, Tanzania, Livelihood systems