Evaluation of households’ willlingness to contribute labour in floods prevention and mitigation projects in Kilosa district, Tanzania
Sokoine University of Agriculture
Many initiatives to overcome floods have not succeeded andlack financial resources have been among the major problems associated with the failure. Contribution of labour by the surrounding community can be used as a panacea to money problem. This study investigated the households‟ willingness to contribute (WTC)labour in projects which intend to prevent the occurrence and mitigate the effects of floods. The study was conducted in KilosaDistrict with the aimof establishing the influence of socio-economic characteristics onhouseholds‟WTC labourin floods prevention and mitigation projects, assessing the relationship between physical damage done by floods and households‟WTC labourin the projects;and comparing WTC labour in the project between people that reside in vulnerable area to those who reside in non-vulnerable area. Purposive sampling was used to choose the study area and simple random sampling was used to choose household respondents making a total of 120 respondents. Primary data were collected using semi-structured and dichotomous questionnaires while secondary data were collected through document review. Data were analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Results showed that age and occupation are the social economic factors that affected their WTC, physical damage by floods is the most important factor that drive respondents form vulnerable area to contribute more; and willingness to contribute was not influenced by respondents‟ status of vulnerability. It can be concluded that, the surrounding community is willing to contribute the activities that intend to overcome floods in the Districtand therefore responsible institutions may involve the community accordingly.
Households’ willlingness, Floods prevention, Tanzania, Kilosa, Floods mitigation