The physiological performance of varietal mixtures of the common bean (phaseolus vulgaris, l.) grown under broadcast or conventional planting methods

Thumbnail Image



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Sokoine University of Agriculture


A study was carried out at Mbozi and Morogoro Districts of Tanzania during the 2000/2001 cropping seasons. The main objective was'to determine the relationship between growth characteristics and economic yield of varietal mixtures of common beans grown by broadcast or row planting methods. The experiment was a split plot in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replications. Different varieties were used at each location, which formed the main plots. Five varieties at the highland (kabanima. U-94. U-90. kigoma. and mixed variety), and four at the lowland (rojo. SUA 90. kablankeli. and mixed variety) were used. At each location one variety was a mixture of those varieties. The subplots were the planting methods. The results indicate that broadcast planting increased leaf area index (LAI). intercepted photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), crop growth rate (CGR). total dry matter (TDM), plant height, pods plant’1, and seeds pod’1, while row planting increased radiation use efficiency (RUE). TDM partitioning, branches per plant, and 100-seed weight. Among varieties at the highland location, the mixed variety produced the highest TDM. branches per plant, and grain yield m’?. Kigoma (indeterminate) was the tallest and accumulated the greatest PAR. Kabanima (determinate) was the shortest and performed poorly in dry matter (DM) accumulation, development of LAI. cumulative PAR. CGR. and RUE. At the lowland location, the mixed variety was superior in LAL light interception, and pods per plant. The mixed variety was the tallest and SUA-90 the shortest. At the highland location, row planting had higher grain yield than broadcast planting as compared to the lowland location. The differences were attributed to greater TDM and branches per plant at the highland location, and RUE and pods plant’1 at the lowland location. It is concluded that physiologically there was no difference between broadcast and row planting of common beans. Thus, farmers my use either of the methods. Also mixed varieties could be recommended under- subsistence agriculture but could be economically unsuitable where marketing require quality pure varieties for better prices.




Bean growth, Cropping season, Planting method, Varietal mixtures, Common Bean, Conventional planting methods