The role of wild foods in household income and food security

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Sokoine Universitry of Agriculture


Wild foods comprise of all edible products that are found growing naturally in forests, woodlands or farms. They include both fauna and flora species that are consumed either as wholly or partly. This study was designed to investigate the role of wild foods to household income and food security at Mufindi district in Iringa region. Data were collected using both structured and non-structured interviews. Purposive sampling procedures were used to obtain six representative villages. At village level, 30 respondents each from different households were picked at random for the study; this led to a sample size of 180 respondents. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS software, where outputs from descriptive statistics cross tabulation and frequencies were used in verifying the magnitude of wild food consumption. In this study, wild food products were grouped into wild fruits, wild vegetables, edible stems and tubers, edible seeds, mushrooms, honey, edible insects and bush meat. The contribution of these products to the revenue was found to differ from one division to another; research finding revealed that earnings from wild food marketing in different divisions ranged from Tsh. 1 957 to 6 315 Such income is less to the minimum government wage of Tsh. 65 000 by more than 90%. Based on time spent in gathering, transporting, and marketing of these products, one can view that wild food marketing is not a worthy business unless some interventions are to be made. It is recommended that both government and private institutions should join hands in promoting better wild food management and marketing.



Food security, Wild foods, Mufindi District


Msola,D.H(2007) The role of wild foods in household income and food security in mufindi district.Morogoro:Sokoine University of Agriculture