Health risks and biosecurity measures in pig production in Urban and Peri-Urban areas of Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania

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Sokoine University of Agriculture


Pig production is among other animal keeping activities that have been practised in Morogoro region for food as well as generating income. The increase in urban population in the region has resulted into the increase in urban and peri-urban farming as a response to the increament in food demand from plants as well as animals; thus created a need to understand the health risks that could be brought about, and the biosecurity measures that can cancel those risks. This crosssectional study was conducted in 13 wards of Morogoro municipality,Tanzania, to assess possible health risks in urban and peri-urban pig production and identify available biosecurity measures. A total of 282 pig farmers were randomly chosen from purposively selected streets answered a structured questionnaire to measure respondents’ knowledge on the diseases that have affected his/her pigs, husbandry systems and practises, animal waste management as well as biosecurity practices and their feasibility. Twelve (12) key informants were interviewed on the subject: Qualitative data were subjected to content analysis and association between variables were assessed for statistical significance at a critical probability of P <0.05. Data from questionnaire were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The study revealed that, 48.2% of respondents were not aware of health risks associated with pig production. About 9.2% wore local protective gears (wrapping plastic bags on hands, and normal shoes-yeboyebo) while 19.1% did not have any protective measure. Only 0.4% generated biogas out of the manure. Animal quarantining was practiced by 68.4%, presence of screening was 20.6%, while veterinary service was accessible to 66.3%. Poor knowledge on animal wastes handling is becoming a major challenge to public health. Therefore the municipal authorities should ensure that farmers are advised and trained to generate biogas out of the animal wastes, its officials dealing with livestock development are well equipped to ensure accessible veterinary services to all the livestock keepers especially those who reside at the peripheral areas. By so doing; more knowledge will be disseminated on good farming practices.



veterinary services, livestock keepers, farming practices, animal wastes, Morogoro, pig production