The incidence, economic importance and control of aphelenchoides Besseyi Christie 1942 on rice

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Sokoine University of Agriculture


The distribution, control Aphelenchoides besseyi Christie and 1942 economic on rice importance sativa L) (Oryza cultivars grown in mainland Tanzania was studied. Survey results showed that A. besseyi was widely distributed in stored rice seeds. Hot water treatment (HWT) of dry rice seeds at 54 - 62°C for In dry seed 15 min effectively controlled seed-borne A. besseyi treatment, exposure period rather than treatment temperature was the significant factor for the control of seed-borne A. besseyi. Tested seeds of rice cultivars tolerated dry seed treatment upto 60 0 C' for 20 min in respect of viability, vigour and seedling normality. Seed treatment at 54°C controlled A. besseyi for but also 15 min following affected. The sensitivity presoaked rice seeds to HWT was genetically related following presoaking percentage germination delayed onset, vigour viability, seedling normality of some rice cultivars and of Seeds treated maximum peak, presoaking and actual Although HWT of presoaked seeds at 56°C for 15 min completely controlled A. besseyi, it also killed most seeds. However, HWT of presoaked or unsoaked seeds at 48°C for 20 min did not affect seed germination and emergence. Significant control of seed-borne A. besseyi by HWT following presoaking resulted in 10 - 27% yield increases and, larger and/or better quality grains. Booting stage of rice was the critical stage for control of A. besseyi for improvement of yield. The fifth day after the first sign of booting was identified as the most infection with A. besseyi to adversely critical affect yield stage for attributes.iii Control of A. besseyi with carbofuran applied at planting and at 50% booting stage improved rice yield but HWT of A. besseyi-infested rice seed gave better nematode control and better grain yield. Dry seed treatment to control seed-borne found to be the most appropriate method because it environment is effective, cheap and safe for to A besseyi Tanzanian the was farmers; seed and the environment