The implications of bushmeat hunting on the environment in the Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania

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Sokoine University of Agriculture


A cross sectional study was done to examine the implications of bush meat hunting on the environment on the Uluguru Mountains. Questionnaires were administered to a total of 120 respondents in 8 villages around the Uluguru Mountains in the Morogoro Municipality. Focus group discussions (FGDs) were also used during the study. The data were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Implications of the bushmeat hunting practices on the environment were examined. The types of animal species commonly hunted in the area, the methods/techniques used for hunting; and the type of environmental degradation brought about by bushmeat hunting were identified. It was found that bushmeat hunting in the villages around the Uluguru Mountains was purely a subsistence activity aimed at getting animal protein, income and medicine. Among the respondents, 83.3% acknowledged the presence of bushmeat hunting activity around the Uluguru Mountains. Among the wildlife species commonly hunted, grass cutter "nclezi" ranked number one followed by the Steenbok and wild pig. Respondents reported the most common techniques used for hunting were traps, spears, dogs and bush fires. 84.2% of respondents acknowledged the use of bushfires as a technique for bushmeat hunting. Apart from hunting, burning of bushes was either deliberately for farm clearing or accidental (cigarettes butts and cooking). Unsustainable agriculture, use of firewood and charcoal for energy as well as bushmeat hunting were the major causes of environmental degradation in the Uluguru Mountains.


Msc. Dissertation


Bush meat hunting, Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania