Effectiveness of micronutrients powder in rehabilitating anaemic children aged two – five years in Morogoro rural district

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Sokoine University of Agriculture


Iron deficiency anaemia is a condition where blood lacks adequate healthy red blood cells. In Tanzania, 58 percent of under-five children suffering iron deficiency anaemia. This study aimed to assessing the effectiveness of micronutrients powder in reducing iron deficiency anaemia among under-five children. A longitudinal, randomized study was carried out. A total of 167 children were randomly assigned into three intervention groups which received MNP for 60 days, Group one (n= 56) received one sachet of MNP daily, group two (n = 55) received one sachet of MNP in alternate days while Group three (n= 56) received one sachet per week. Using the HemoCue technique, a finger-prick blood was taken at all period of the intervention and used to determine haemoglobin concentrations. A questionnaire was constructed to solicit information on the perception of mothers/caregivers, dietary diversity score and anthropometric measurements. Data collected using questionnaire were coded and analyzed using SPSS. Comparison of anthropometric measurements was analyzed by ANOVA. Result showed that, at the end of the intervention, haemoglobin concentrations were significantly higher (P ˂ 0.05) in participants who received dose one and dose two relative to those who received dose three. At baseline, prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia was 65.5%. There was significant difference (P ˂ 0.05) in the prevalence of anthropometric measurements before and after intervention. There was no significant difference (P ˃ 0.05) between DDS and increased haemoglobin concentration. Mothers/caregivers perceived some positive effects on their children health behaviours.It was concluded from this study that, MNP is effective in reducing the iron deficiency anaemia to under-five children. It also improved weight for age and weight for height. Based on this study it is recommended that, mothers/caregivers with low income should use dose two in reducing iron deficiency anaemia. Dose three is only effective for mildly anaemia children.


Masters Dissertation


Anaemic children, Morogoro, Micronutrients powder, Anaemia, Dietary diversity