Contribution of Integrated Urban Agriculture to Household Income: A Case of Kinondoni Municipality, Tanzania

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The Journal of Agricultural Sciences - Sri Lanka


Purpose: Urban farmers make efficient utilization of resources by integrating crop-livestock fish sub sectors to maximize accrued benefits. However, types of integration practices adopted and associated income outcome are still undocumented. Thus this study specifically assessed the types of integrated urban agriculture (IUA) mostly practiced by farmers, types of livelihood strategies adopted simultaneously with IUA and its contribution to total household income. Findings: The results show that integrated urban agriculture is the most prioritised livelihood strategy to urban farmers. Majority of urban farmers (98.5%) practising integrated farming concentrated on crop-livestock, while fish-livestock and crop livestock-fish integration adopted only by 0.75% each. This implies that, majority of urban farmers did not practice fish sub-sector. Integrated urban agriculture gives average annual income of 2 295 288 TSH (equivalent to 1093$); which was sufficient for household of six members being above monetary food poverty line per year. Research Limitation: This study focuses on income livelihood indicator; however, farmers can also, benefit from integrated agriculture through food security, social inclusion and ecology to mention some. Originality/Value: This study provides a comprehensive layout adopted by integrated urban farmers to benefit from the sub-sectors and what is missing for improvement of the enterprises for improved livelihood outcome in Tanzania


The Journal of Agricultural Sciences - Sri Lanka, 2018; 13(3): 237-246


Integrated Urban Agriculture, Livelihood Strategy, Household Income