Child Labour in Urban Agriculture: The Case of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Thumbnail Image



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Board of Regents of the University of Colorado


Urban agriculture in Dar es Salaam was found to use child labour of both children with parents of higher and lower socioeconomic status (SES). Child labour in urban agriculture was due to four interrelated factors: the failure to adequately enforce gov- ernment regulations; economic austerity; parental expectations for economic contri- bution; and the children's obligations to their families. In some cases there was child labour exploitation. Efforts should be initiated by the government to stop the exploitation of child labour by ratifying the international minimum working age of 14, and by enforcing laws and regulations governing children's rights. Parents of lower SES should be educated to not expect an economic contribution from their chil- dren's labour, and children should also be educated about their rights. Children of lower SES parents should be made aware that their parents' obligations should not be fulfilled at the expense of their future well-being.


Research article


Urban agriculture, Child labour, Economic austerity, Parents expectations, Children's obligations