Procedures for quantification of belowground biomass of three mangrove tree species

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Springer Science


A review of studies on belowground biomass (BGB) of mangroves revealed that proce- dures for excavation and determination of dry weight are insufficiently documented. The main objective of this study was therefore to describe procedures for quantification of tree BGB for Avicennia marina (Forssk.), Sonneratia alba J. Smith and Rhizophora mucronata Lam. The study covered four sites in Tanzania where 30 trees were sampled (10 for each species). A new root sampling procedure applied for A. marina and S. alba seemed to work adequately. Dry to fresh weight ratios (DF-ratios) varied between tree species, between tree sizes and between root compo- nents. Therefore, for each tree species, tree- and root component-specific DF-ratios were applied for dry weight determination. For A. marina and S. alba trees, a significant proportion of total tree BGB is stored in the root crown (34 and 10 % respectively). Future studies should therefore ensure inclusion of root crown when accounting for total tree BGB.



Root sampling, Root biomass, Avicenia–Rhizophora–Sonneratia