Farmers’ perception on cotton production under liberalized market economy: a case study of eastern cotton growing area

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Sokoine University of Agriculture


The objective of this study was to analyze farmers’ perception on cotton production in the Eastern Cotton Growing Area. Specifically, the study aimed to (i) study the status of cotton production, (ii) establish farmers’ perception on cotton production, (iii) establish the relationship between farmers' perception on cotton production, farm resources and household characteristics and (iv) determine the needed changes in institutional support to revive cotton production in ECGA. A cross section survey of 160 farmers from Morogoro Rural and Kilosa districts using structured questionnaire was done. Secondary data were collected from various sources. Descriptive analyses were used to describe the respondents’ characteristics. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was used to establish perception index. Then, perception index was used in probit regression as dependent variable to determine the intensity of relationship between farmers’ perception, farm resources, and household characteristics. Results show that cotton production decreased from 15 734kg in 2007 to 13 156kg in 2009 in Morogoro district and 21 895 kg to 6 650 kg in Kilosa district in the same years. Furthermore, 92.5% and 93.8% of respondents in Morogoro and Kilosa districts respectively perceived that cotton production has decreased. Also, 10.3% of land was allocated for cotton, 25.2% for maize, and 17.4% was allocated for paddy. On establishing farmers’ perception on causes of low cotton production; low selling price, unreliable market, lack of credit, lack of proper private sector setup and little government involvement were found to be significant at 0.00 level. In addition, accessibility to extension services, insecticides use and gender were found to have significant influence on perception of farmers in both districts at P<0.01 and P<0.05 levels. Moreover, it has been found that there are significant differences in perception between the two settings. The study found that there were problems hindering cotton production in the study area. This included lack of reliable market, lack of processing machines, lack of credit and inadequate extension services. This can be solved by improving institutional support in the cotton sub-sector.


Masters Dissertation


Cotton production, Liberalized market economy