Sokoine University of Agriculture

Comparative study of livelihood strategies and food security of recent migrants and non migrants in Kilombero valley

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dc.contributor.author Nyangile, Wilson Jonas
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-27T13:53:38Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-27T13:53:38Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.uri https://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/566
dc.description.abstract This study compared the livelihood strategies of two communities in Kilombero Valley, following the coming of agro-pastoralists with large herds of cattle. These are the indigenous peasants and the migrant agro-pastoralists. The study used cross sectional design employing both random and purposive sampling to obtain the respondents. The study used Dietary Diversity Score and anthropometric assessments of the under-five children. Results show that the proportion of households with DDS below the median of 6 scores in a scale of 12 is 74%. The peasants had mean DDS of 5.2 which is lower than 6.8 of agro-pastoralists. The wasting rate among peasant children is 6.06% which is much higher than 5.3% of Morogoro Region. The agro-pastoral children have higher stunting rate of 51% but similar rates of wasting and underweight with the Morogoro Region and National averages. However the anthropometric assessment of this study showed that the peasant children are nutritionally better compared with the agro-pastoral children. Livelihood assets like natural resources, education of household spouses, tradition and culture of the people have shown to be among significant factors affecting food and nutrition security. It is therefore recommended that some detrimental cultures be abolished as they impede efforts to achieve the desired livelihood outcomes. Diversification of income sources other than selling food crops or agricultural labour is an important strategy to increase people's resilience to shocks and to protect them against the current fragility. Various organisations operating in the valley should establish programs to turn around the attitudes of people towards good feeding habits like diversifying diets and paying attention to the special requirements of vulnerable members of the household like children and lactating or pregnant mothers. To achieve this, emphasis on female education should be an indispensable element of future development programs in the valley. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Hon. Prof. Peter Msolla (MP) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Livelihood strategies en_US
dc.subject Food security en_US
dc.subject Migrants en_US
dc.subject Non migrants en_US
dc.subject Agro-pastoralists en_US
dc.subject Cattle en_US
dc.subject Kilombero valley en_US
dc.title Comparative study of livelihood strategies and food security of recent migrants and non migrants in Kilombero valley en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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