Sokoine University of Agriculture

Prevalence and impact of water-borne zoonotic pathogens in water, cattle and humans in selected villages in Dodoma Rural and Bagamoyo districts, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Munishi, P
dc.contributor.author Kusiluka, L
dc.contributor.author Karimuribo, E
dc.contributor.author Mdegela, R
dc.contributor.author Luoga, E
dc.contributor.author Mlozi, M
dc.contributor.author Kambarage, D
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-08T12:13:19Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-08T12:13:19Z
dc.date.issued 2005-08-15
dc.identifier.uri https://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/4234
dc.description.abstract A study on the prevalence of water-borne zoonotic pathogens in water, cattle and humans was conducted in six villages in Dodoma Rural (5) and Bagamoyo (1) districts, Tanzania. Water sources were screened for faecal coliform organisms, thermophilic Campylobac- ter, Salmonella, Cryptosporidium and Giardia. Faecal samples from cattle and humans were also analysed for the above specific patho- gens. Results indicate that 70.8% (n = 48) of the water sources screened were contaminated with faecal coliform organisms. Water sources in two villages, one each in Dodoma Rural and Bagamoyo districts were also contaminated with Giardia lamblia. The overall prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni in cattle in the two study areas was 2.3% (n = 942) and at least one animal in each village was infected with C. jejuni. Cryptosporidium parvum was detected in 0.5% (n = 942) of the cattle examined in three villages in Dodoma district. Sal- monella spp. was demonstrated in only 1.4% (n = 144) of the cattle in Chalinze village in Dodoma Rural district while G. lamblia was only detected in 1.5% (n = 202) of the animals examined in Chamakweza village in Bagamoyo district. Nine (1.9%) of the people screened at three heath centres in the study areas were infected with C. jejuni while 3.7% (n = 484) of the people had C. parvum oocysts. G. lamblia was detected in 2.5% of the 202 people screened at the Chalinze health centre in Bagamoyo district. Analysis of the secondary data revealed that clinical complaints related to enteric diseases were prevalent in humans in the two areas throughout the year and the prev- alence varied from about 1% to 25% in both <5 years and P5 years patients. In conclusion, this study has highlighted the possible public health risks, which may be associated with keeping of animals and sharing of water sources between humans and animals. 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Water-borne en_US
dc.subject Zoonotic pathogens en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.title Prevalence and impact of water-borne zoonotic pathogens in water, cattle and humans in selected villages in Dodoma Rural and Bagamoyo districts, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url doi:10.1016/j.pce.2005.08.025 en_US


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