Sokoine National Agricultural Library Collection

Permanent URI for this collectionhttp://10.10.97.169:4000/handle/123456789/90

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    Serving the Public: African Academic Libraries and Outreach Services
    (National Information Workers Association of Namibia, 2021) Mushi, Gilbert; Egbukole, Kingsley
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    Marketing and public programming in records and archives at the Tanzania Records and Archives Management Department
    (Journal of the South African Society of Archivists,, 2011) Kamatula, Gwakisa A.
    Archival institutions hold valuable collections in different forms and formats including correspondence, manuscripts, reports, and audio visual materials such as photographs, maps, plans, audiotapes, videos and films. Marketing and public programming are essential means for increasing the utilization of archival materials. However, many archival institutions particularly in Africa do not have effective marketing and public programming through which the general public could be made aware of the unique archival materials preserved by their state archives. As such, many of these materials are not utilized fully as evidenced by the low numbers of researchers consulting archives especially within the eastern and southern African region. The purpose of this paper is to assess the current marketing and public programming being undertaken by RAMD for effective promotion of its archival materials. Data was gathered through interviews with some officers at RAMD, as well as documentary and literature review. The paper reveals that marketing and public programming activities conducted at RAMD are insufficient and ineffective as they are only concentrated in particular areas leaving the wider community unaware of the archival resources and services provided by the department. The paper concludes by arguing that marketing and public programming remains the key to promoting and encouraging the use of services provided by RAMD. It is recommended that RAMD uses the modern information communication technologies to develop its own website through which archival information about its materials and resources could be uploaded for the general public’s easy accessibility.
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    Adoption and use of ICTs by Livestock Keepers for improved access to Livestock Information: A case of selected urban areas in Tanzania
    (IGI Global, 2021) Angello, Consolata
    Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are very important tools for economic development and poverty reduction when used effectively by individuals in all economic sectors including agriculture. Urban livestock keepers need ICTs in their activities so that they can make informed decisions that can lead to improvement of the livestock industry. Despite its importance, ICT use is hindered by several factors including unawareness of the radio and television programmes and lack of computer skills. This chapter reveals the extent of use of ICTs by urban and peri-urban livestock keepers whereby different types of ICTs are used by urban livestock keepers to access livestock information, though some ICTs, for example, mobile phones are used more than other ICTs (radio and television). Internet is used by very few livestock keepers due computer illiteracy. Policy implications include improvement of the telecommunications services by the government through relevant bodies in order to facilitate more access to information through mobile phones, radio, television, and the internet.
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    Exploring the use of ICTs in learning and disseminating livestock husbandry knowledge to urban and peri-urban communities in Tanzania
    (International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 2015, Vol. 11, Issue 2, pp. 5-22, 2015) Angello, Consolata
    This paper discusses the importance of various Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in learning and disseminating relevant information on livestock husbandry in Tanzania. The paper is part of a study that investigated the extent of use of ICTs by urban and peri-urban livestock keepers and how access and dissemination of livestock information could be improved through use of ICTs. Mixed method approach was the methodology used in the study whereby quantitative and qualitative data were gathered. The findings of this study revealed that different types of ICTs were used by urban livestock keepers to learn and disseminate livestock information though some ICTs e.g. mobile phones were used more (92.1%) than other ICTs e.g. radio (21.7%) and television (24.6%). Internet was used by very few livestock keepers (2.4%) due computer illiteracy. It was concluded that ICTs are important tools for learning and dissemination livestock husbandry knowledge, but their use is hindered by several factors including unawareness of the radio and television programmes and lack of computer skills. Policy implications of the study include improvement of the telecommunications services and ICT infrastructure by the government through relevant bodies in order to facilitate more access and dissemination of information through mobile phones, radio, television and the Internet.
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    Urban Agriculture and the Use of ICTS in Accessing and Disseminating Livestock Husbandry Information in Urban Areas of Tanzania. A Review of Related Literature.
    (Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)., 2017) Angello, Consolata
    This review summarizes relevant research on the relevance of urban agriculture and how best various Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) can be used in accessing and disseminating livestock husbandry information, in order to improve livestock husbandry practices in urban areas. Specifically, it reviews studies that have been conducted in relation to urban agricultural practices, the challenges of keeping livestock in urban areas and the solutions to overcome the challenges of urban livestock keeping. The review also discusses the extent of ICT integration in agriculture from a global perspective and specifically in Africa and Tanzania. The review focuses on the information needs of urban livestock keepers and the challenges encountered in using various ICTs in accessing livestock husbandry information. This review reveals gaps in the literature and recommends on possible ways forward that relevant stakeholders may take to address these gaps.
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    Potential of Information and Communication Technologies in Promoting Access to Livestock Information: Perceptions of Urban Livestock Keepers in Tanzania
    (International Journal of Information Communication Technologies and Human Development, 7(2), 20-41, April-June 2015, 2015-06) Angello, Consolata
    A study was conducted to investigate the extent of use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) by urban livestock keepers. This paper discusses the perceptions of small scale livestock keepers towards the use of different types of ICTs in accessing livestock information. Mixed method approach was used whereby quantitative and qualitative data was gathered. The fndings of this study revealed that most of the respondents had a positive opinion towards the use of ICTs and it was concluded that urban livestock keepers perceived ICTs as important tools for accessing livestock information. The study recommended for improvement of telecommunications services through relevant bodies in order to facilitate more access to information through use of ICTs. Information networking among urban livestock keepers and the introduction of livestock information centers were also recommended for enhanced access to livestock information.
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    Use of Information and Communication Technologies among Urban and Peri-Urban Livestock Keepers for Enhanced Access to Livestock Information: A Case of Kinondoni and Morogoro Urban Districts, Tanzania.
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2013) Angello, Consolata
    Urban and peri-urban livestock keepers need ICTs in order to access more information that can lead to improvement of the livestock husbandry practices. Despite the well developed ICT infrastructure in urban area, livestock keepers still lack sufficient information on good animal husbandry practices. This study investigates the extent of ICT use by urban and peri-urban livestock keepers and how access to livestock information can be improved through use of ICTs. Mixed method approach is the methodology used in this study whereby qualitative data is gathered using questionnaires while qualitative data is gathered using in – depth interviews and participant observations. Quantitative data is analysed by using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) and qualitative data is analysed by content analysis. The findings of this study reveal that most urban and peri-urban livestock keepers (94.1%) use ICTs to access livestock information. Additionally, different types of ICTs are used, though the use of mobile phones is more prominent than other ICTs such as radio, television and internet which are used to a lesser extent. It is concluded that ICTs are important tools for accessing livestock information but their use is hindered by several factors including high communication costs, lack of awareness of the radio/television programmes and poor computer skills. Policy implications of the study include improvement of the telecommunications services through relevant bodies in order to facilitate more access to information through use of ICTs. Improvement of the extension and veterinary services is also important to enable increased access to livestock information, for improvement of the livestock sector and economic development.
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    Identifying and Implementing Relevant Research Data Management Services for the Library at the University of Dodoma, Tanzania
    (Data Science Journal, 2020) Mushi, G. E.; Pienaar, H.; van Deventer, M.
    Research Data Management (RDM) services are increasingly becoming a subject of interest for academic and research libraries globally – this is also the case in developing countries. The interest is motivated by a need to support research activities through data sharing and collaboration both locally and internationally. Many institutions, especially in the developed countries, have implemented RDM services to accelerate research and innovation through e-Research but extensive RDM is not so common in developing countries. In reality many African universities and research institutions are yet to implement the most basic of data management services. We believe that the absence of political will and national government mandates on data management often hold back the development and implementation of RDM services. Similarly, research funding agencies are not yet applying sufficient pressure to ensure that Africa complies with the requirement to deposit research data in trusted repositories. While the context was acknowledged the University of Dodoma library staff realized that it is urgent to prepare for the inevitable – the time when RDM will be a requirement for research funding support. This paper presents the results of research conducted at the University of Dodoma, Tanzania. The purpose of the research was to identify and report on relevant RDM services that need to be implemented so that researchers and university management could collaborate and make our research data accessible to the international community. This paper presents findings on important issues for consideration when planning to develop and implement RDM services at a developing country academic institution. The paper also mentions the requirements for the sustainability of these initiatives.
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    Access to, Use and Challenges of ICTs in Secondary Schools in Tanzania: A study of Selected Secondary Schools in Morogoro Municipality
    (Information Impact, 2018) Malekani, A. W.
    This study was conducted to establish current status of ICTs in terms of access, use and challenges of ICTs in selected secondary schools in Morogoro municipality. The study was a cross section survey and used self administered questionnaires that were given to teachers and students in selected schools. This was supplemented by observations and secondary data review. 20 teachers and 60 students were involved in the study. The findings indicated that the status of ICTs is not good in secondary schools. Though students and teachers seem to be aware of ICTs, but the schools have no enough facilities for ICTs and the facilities available are not adequately utilized. Moreover, the teachers reported that they have no in-service training related to ICTs in teaching and learning. It was also reported that low band width (resulting into poor internet connectivity or slow speed), lack of standby power, and lack of a policy and training schedule hindered the utilization of ICTs in the selected schools. It is recommended that to effectively introduce and efficiently utilize these emerging technologies, remedies should be made to overcome the stated challenges.
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    PERii electronic journals: Assessing access and use by postgraduate students in the School of Education at the University of Dar es Salaam
    (University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal, 2017) Katabalwa, A. S.; Underwood, P. G.
    This paper is based on the findings of a study that assessed the awareness of Programme for Enhancement of Resources Initiative (PERii) electronic journals, their use and challenges encountered by postgraduate students. The study was carried out at the University of Dar es Salaam and involved postgraduate students in the School of Education. A combination of questionnaire for postgraduate students and interviews for Reference Librarians was used to collect data. Findings revealed that the majority of the respondents became aware of PERii electronic journals through various sources. The resources are widely used, including for the exploration of ongoing scientific debates through peer reviewed papers. The challenges encountered are largely infrastructural, including inability to access resources from home, together with limited information and computer literacy. Recommendations for improving access and use of PERii electronic journals are given.
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    An analysis of open access scholarly communication in Tanzanian Public Universities
    (UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA, 2010) Dulle, F. W.
    The aim of this study was to investigate factors affecting the adoption of open access in research activities within Tanzanian public universities in order to device mechanisms of enhancing the use of this mode of scholarly communication. The study adopted the UTAUT model to formulate an open access research model comprising of six constructs and five moderators for guidance of this investigation. A triangulation approach for data gathering was adopted. In the first instance, a semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 398 respondents selected using the stratified random sampling from a population of 1088 university researchers from six public universities in Tanzania. The interview involving 63 policy makers and structured records review were also conducted to complement the questionnaire survey. The descriptive and binary logistic regression statistics of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) were used for data analysis. The study established that majority of the policy makers (90.5%) and researchers (72.1%) were aware of open access. Attitude, awareness, effort expectancy, and performance expectancy were established as the key determinants for researchers’ behavioural intention of open access usage while age, awareness, behavioural intention, facilitating conditions and social influence were found to significantly affect researchers’ actual usage of open access. It was concluded that researchers’ and policy makers’ general perceptions about open access were very positive signifying the acceptance of this mode of scholarly communication in the study area. Current poor research conditions and researchers’ low Internet self-efficacy such as inadequate information search and online publishing skills were cited as the main hindrances for researchers to use open access in scholarly communication. The study recommends institutionalisation of open access publishing in Tanzanian public universities and other similar research institutions so as to improve the dissemination of research output emanating from such institutions. Six areas for further research to establish more insights regarding the feasibility for open access development in the country are also recommended.
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    Information literacy for higher education institutions in Nigeria and Tanzania: efforts and prospects for educational reform in teaching and learning
    (Innovation, 2010) Lawal, V.; Underwood, P.; Lwehabura, M. J. F.; Stilwell, C.
    This article reviews efforts made by higher education institutions in Nigeria and Tanzania in transforming student learning through information literacy (II). It examines the need for higher education institutions in the two countries to create the necessary foundations for strengthening information literacy programmes as a strategy for ensuring viable transformation in teaching and learning. The paper is based on a review of related literature and observations drawnfrom working experiences in higher education institutions in both countries. It examines some of the meaningful educational transformations takingplace in higher education institutions in Nigeria and Tanzania and makes recommendations for better standards to be developed in terms of curriculum structure and design, teaching methods, outcome assessment and a review of institutional policies and goals in order to encourage active teaching and learning.
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    Information Literacy Delivery in Tanzanian Universities: An Examination of its Effectiveness
    (African Journal of Library and Information Science, 2008) Lwehabura, M. J. F.
    This paper presents the findings regarding information literacy (lL) delivery) in four Tanzanian universities in terms of IL content and delivery methods and their effectiveness. Based on a questionnaire survey of librarians and undergraduate students, the study found that the main IL teaching methods used include lectures, web pages and seminars, while content covered in IL sessions include information search skills, use of library facilities, information evaluation, and use of information sources. However, it is concluded that because of a number of factors, including lack of clear lL policy, inadequate time, the teaching of IL as stand-alone programme on voluntary basis, and non involvement of teaching staff, the current IL delivery approach is not effective for imparting adequate IL skills. A new IL delivery approach that addresses the identified weaknesses is therefore recommended.
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    Environmental profile for agricultural production and development of conservation strategies in Mahenge village, Mbinga district, Tanzania
    (Sokoine University of Agriculture and ARI Mlingano, 1996) Maggogo, J. P.; Msanya, B. M.; Kimaro, D. N.
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    User fee in public libraries: perspectives, opportunities and challenges in Tanzania’s libraries
    (Sokoine University of Agriculture, 2005) Matovelo, D. S.; Lwehabura, M. J. F.
    The user fee practiced in public libraries in Tanzania since 1996 and implications of the fee are examined in relation to the role of libraries in economic development. The paper aims at stimulating discussions among professionals and other stakeholders regarding the effects and controversies of the issue. Based on a survey of literature, brief and informal. discussions with eight library users and librarians in three public libraries in Tanzania, it looks into the fee concept and discusses' the experiences and implications of the fee to both the public and public libraries that so far are not optimally used. In addition, charged services in four public university libraries have been examined for possible lessons to be learnt. While recognizing the growing pressure to commercialize access to information resources as a strategy for coping with economic difficulties in the public sectors, the paper cautions that the practice may have more disadvantages than advantages. It is observed that while there may be other reasons preventing the public from using libraries, the fee may actually be a hindrance to developing positive attitudes towards use of libraries by the public for their socio-economic development. The authors see the existence of an opportunity for librarians to make tangible contribution in the society's development process by promoting the use of easily accessible information through public libraries rather than supporting restrictive rules. It is concluded that paying for basic library services may not necessarily be a solution to the library's economic constraints across the board. For this reason, Tanzania's libraries should consider the present period as a period for promotion, advocacy, and investment in the value and role of information for economic growth and in the expansion as well as creation of public library clientele. Among the recommendations put forward is the need for conducting in-depth studies that would profile the actual users of these libraries, determine membership trend and find out user opinion and attitude towards fee practices in Tanzania. The paper also recommends the use of participatory methods in order to make fair decision regarding access, use and sustainability of public libraries. The paper finally suggests some possible alternatives for economic sustainability of the libraries ..
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    Lepus conference soils, land use and plague Lushoto, Tanzania
    (2013) Hieronimo, P.; Meliyo, J.; Gulinck, H.; Kimaro, D.; Msanya, B. M.; Mulungu, L.; Kihupi, N.; Deckers, S.; Leirs, H.
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    Information literacy in Tanzanian universities: Challenges and potential opportunities
    (SAGE, 2008-09) Lwehabura, M. J. F.; Stilwell, C.
    A study was undertaken in four Tanzanian universities to investigate the status and practice of information literacy (IL)so as to determine the best ways of introducing or improving IL programmes. This article reports on the findings related to challenges and opportunities that could influence the effective implementation and introduction of IL programmes in Tanzanian universities. Data for the study was collected using a questionnaire-based survey administered to teaching staff, librarians and undergraduate students. Semi-structured interviews collected data from Deputy Vice Chancellors (DVCs) for academic affairs, Faculty Deans, Library Directors and a Library Head. The findings of the study showed that IL was new in the university curricula although some IL rubrics were being practised. Lack of adequate resources, lack of an IL policy, lack of proactive solutions among librarians coupled with the need for adequate library staffing and training, and collaboration between librarians and teaching staff in IL activities were all identified as challenges facing IL effectiveness. Also identified were potential opportunities such as the support by the majority of university stakeholders to mainstream IL and make it a compulsory course. These opportunities would allow the introduction of effective and sustainable IL programmes. The article concludes that librarians should seize the opportunities that are available to spearhead IL while at the same time making sure they tackle the identified challenges.
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    Creating a core journal collection for agricultural research in Tanzania: citation analysis and user opinion techniques
    (Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2004) Dulle, F. W.; Lwehabura, M. J. F.; Matovelo, D. S.; Mulimila, R. T.
    The major objective of this study was to analyse the citation patterns of agricultural scientists in Tanzania. The specific objectives were to: assess researchers' access to information as reflected from citation analysis; establish a list of core agricultural journals for agricultural researchers in Tanzania using citation analysis and user opinions; and find out the extent to which the available information resources meet the research needs revealed by the study. The study involved the analysis of 295 MSc theses and 21 PhD theses submitted at Sokoine University of Agriculture between 1989·1999, and 309 conference proceeding articles published during the same period. It is concluded that generally agricultural scientists in the country had limited access to current journals. A number of options are recommended to alleviate the situation, with a focus on electronic journal provision supported by international organizations.
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    Internet access and usage by secondary school students in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania
    (2017-08-31) Tarimo, R.; Kavishe, G.
    The purpose of this paper was to report results of a study on the investigation of the Internet access and usage by secondary school students in Morogoro municipality in Tanzania. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 120 students from six schools. The data was collected through a questionnaire. A quantitative approach using the survey research design was used. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 19. The results found out that of 120 students involved in the study, 78 (87.6%) who were the majority indicated that they were using Internet services for playing and downloading music, 73 (82.0%) for searching for academic information, 72 (80.9%) indicated playing and downloading games, 55( 61.8%) said browsing for fun, 51 (57.3%) use Internet for visiting different websites while 50 (56.2%) indicated that they use Internet to read online newspapers and 40 (44.9%) for instant messaging. On the issues of access and use, 58 (48.3%) respondents indicated that Internet accessibility in their schools was intermediate while only 26 (21.7%) stated that the Internet accessibility in their schools was high. It was also reveled that majority of students did not have enough skills for Internet browsing and Internet speed was slow. It was recommended that respondents should be made aware of the importance of using Internet services for searching academic information rather than use it for entertainment.
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    Status of secondary school libraries under the secondary education development plan: Case study of Dodoma municipality, Tanzania
    (2011) Mgina, S.; Lwehabura, M. J. F.
    This study was undertaken in Dodoma Municipal, Tanzania in order 10 assess the development and status of school library services under the Secondary Education Development Plan (SEDP). The study involved 44 secondary schools, 186 teachers, 44 heads of schools, 16 school librarians, one Regional Education Officer, and one Regional Librarian. Data were collected through a survey method using a questionnaire that has both closed and open-ended items, as well as through interviews and observation. The study found that only 16 (36%) out of 44 secondary schools had libraries, while during SEDP implementation period, no public school and only one private school established a library out of the 27 schools that did not have libraries at the beginning plan period. In the schools with libraries, only 11 (69%) of them had separate buildings for the library, while only seven (44%) had trained librarians. The study concluded that, despite SEDp, school library services were generally poor as most schools lacked libraries, or lacked information resources and staff. It is recommended that in order to improve the quality of school library services, the Tanzania government should enforce its regulation requiring every registered school to have a library.