Theses and Dissertations Collection

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    Merging the gap between formal and informal training: a case study of mobile phone repairers in Morogoro
    (Sokoine University of Agriculture, 2023) Kabelinde .J
    The development of science and technology has led to the emergence of mobile phone technology which has gained tremendous popularity as the ideal device for communication in modern times. In relation to the emergence of mobile phones, there is the need for a new field of profession which ensures mobile phone repair and maintenance. In response to the need, there have emerged a lot of entrepreneurs across the country offering mobile phone repair and maintenance services. Hence, the study aimed to assess the state of mobile phone repairers’ skill development and compare the phone repairers' demands with the coverage of Vocational Education Training Authority (VETA)-Kipawa and Dar es Salaam Institute of Technology (DIT) curricula. The case study design under qualitative approach employed interview, observation and documentary review to gather the data from 15 mobile phone repairers, 20 customers of the repairers and 5 VETA trainers. The findings revealed that most mobile phone repairers joined the industry as a result of both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Additionally, the study found that most mobile phone repairers acquired skills through observing experienced mobile phone repairers and short courses organised by VETA. It was discovered that some of the mobile phone repairers lack formal or non-formal trainings relating to mobile phone repair. The researcher reports on the need of the government through training institutions to avail easily accessible and affordable formal and non-formal mobile phone repair trainings. The results also show that the existing curriculum used at VETA to offer trainings to mobile phone repairers does not wholly match their needs. The study based on the findings, it recommends that mobile phone repairers should not only learn informally, especially from more knowledgeable and experienced mobile phone repairers, but also should attend training institutions. It is also recommended that the government should facilitate mobile phone repair training institutions in providing specialized skills relating to mobile phone repair in order to meet the demands of mobile phone repairers.
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    The study of state education policy mechanisms and goals in Arizona and California: a comparative analysis
    (University of California, Riverside, 1985) Kavishe, Paul Rajabu
    The primary purpose of the study was to investigate the goals and mechanisms of education policies in the states of Arizona and California. Specifically, the dissertation examined alternative approaches taken to seven basic state policy mechanisms (SPMs) and the related educational goals pursued by those states. The goal of the study is concep­ tual and exploratory rather than hypothesis testing. The initial working hypothesis was that educational goals or values control the selection of alternative approaches. Procedurally the study: (1) identifies alternative approaches in each of the seven SPMs; (2) examines and differentiates the educational goals of the key actors; and (3) explores the relationship between the goal preferences of the key actors and the level of attention given to various approaches to policy content. The study is a comparative case study employing three data collection methods: interviews, questionnaires, and pertinent document analysis. Interview respondents included 66 key education actors--34 in Arizona and 32 in California. These were selected from four categories based on their roles within the state educational policy system: appointed officials in both legislative and executive staff offices; elected officials; educational interest group representa­ tives ; and two knowledgeable observers. The study findings indicated that the identified SPMs accurately describe and classify education policies in the states. Additionally, a relationship was found between the goal preferences of key actors and the state's emphasis on particular policy approaches. From document analysis and interview responses, it was found that among the four educational goals studied (efficiency, equity, quality, and choice), quality surfaced as the critical contemporary issue in both states. The findings of this study may have potential signif­ icance for both scholars and policy makers. Scholars should benefit from the availability of a taxonomic framework capable of describing and comparing the diverse education policies being pursued by various states, and policy makers, by utilizing the framework, may be able to more quickly identify and evaluate alternative strategies for improving the performance of the public schools.