ItemCompletion of a Success Story or an Opportunity Lost?(2003-05) Lunogelo, H. Bohela; Sibuga, Kallunde Pill; Celander, ThorstenThe Soil and Water Conservation Project in Arusha Region was implemented in 1989–2000. The rationale for the project was to address serious land degradation problems around Mount Meru. The entry points was both technical in terms of developing skills in various land management techniques as well as how these techniques could be made an integral part of mainstream extension in agriculture, livestock management and forestry. SCAPA represented an alternative approach to address “land degradation” and “extension” compared to both previous and contemporary approaches in Tanzania at that time. The purposes of this post evaluation are to present a historical overview, an assessment of different aspects of the project and to provide useful conclusions and lessons for the future. SCAPA was first launched as a small pilot project from 1989–1993, followed by an expansion and implementation phase from 1994–1996 and 1997–2000 respectively. The budget and the ambitions were expanded, particularly during the third phase. The first phase included Arumeru district only while Arusha district was added in the second phase. SCAPA was organised and managed as a semi-autonomous project first in relation to the Regional Administration and after the decentralisation reform in 1998 also in relation to the District Administration. The projects had their own budget and account and were in this sense independent from the local administration. The initial argument for this autonomy was the fear that local bureaucracy would slow down implementation. SCAPA was however integrated in the region/districts in that the annual plans and progress reports were presented to the local administration for co-ordination with their overall development efforts. The local administration also provided the staff for SCAPA.