Perception of people towards voluntary HIV/AIDS test in Ilala municipality
Sokoine University of Agriculture
Voluntary HIV/AIDS testing services have been a component for HIV/AIDS prevention and care programs in many countries. Although there are so many different governmental and non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Tanzania, campaigning on HIV/AIDS yet the problem is still existing and increasing. The number of people going for voluntary HIV/AIDS testing is not proportional to the total population. The study was conducted to examine the perception of people towards voluntary HIV/AIDS testing in Ilala Municipality. Three wards were selected; three streets were selected from those three wards in the study area. Data were collected using questionnaires, guideline and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Data were collected and analysed using a Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) program (12.0 versions). Likert scale was used for measuring perception and attitude of people towards voluntary HIV/AIDS testing. The study reveals that 92.5% of respondent perceive positive towards voluntary HIV/AIDS testing. Specifically, the finding identifies ways in which the municipality can redesign their intervention programmes that will encourage a greater number of people to submit for voluntary HIV/AIDS testing. The study leads to conclusion that voluntary HIV/AIDS testing is very crucial in enabling the whole society in making decisions to go for voluntary HIV/AIDS testing. It is learnt that voluntary HIV/AIDS testing is an essential component in HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment programmes. In that case a deeper knowledge on voluntary HIV/AIDS testing among the people is more recommended as a prerequisite to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS among the people. Also the study recommends that more efforts and interventions in addressing stigma, confidentiality, informed consent, and social violence is needed so as to encourage many people to submit for voluntary HIV/AIDS testing. It is further recommended that the government, NGOs and other stakeholders should provide education/ skills on how to prevention from HIV/AIDS infection to special groups ofiii people such as the deaf, blind, disabled and children to establish new voluntary HIV/AIDS testing centre basing on predetermined requirements.
HIV, AIDS, HIV/AIDS testing, Voluntaty testing
Mdud A(2009).Perception of people towards voluntary HIV/AIDS test in Ilala municipality .Morogoro;Sokoine university of agriculture.