Sokoine University of Agriculture

Demographics and parasites of African buffalo (Syncerus caffer Sparrman, 1779) in Ruaha National Park, Tanzania

Show simple item record Roug, A. Muse, E. A. Smith, W. A Mazet, J. A. K. Kazwala, R. R. Harvey, D. Paul, G. Meing’ataki, G. O. Banga, P. Clifford, D. L. 2017-06-29T07:42:56Z 2017-06-29T07:42:56Z 2016
dc.identifier.issn 0141-6707
dc.description African Journal of Ecology 2016 en_US
dc.description.abstract The number of African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer Sparrman, 1779) inhabiting Ruaha National Park, Tanzania, is thought to be declining, but little data exist to determine whether the population is actually in decline. As an initial phase of collecting population data, we conducted demographic surveys, faecal egg counts and gastrointestinal parasite identification in Ruaha’s buffalo herds in September 2011 and 2013. Most herds encountered in the two surveys appeared to be in good health, but with fewer calves in 2013 compared with 2011. The herd-level body condition score was positively associated with the number of calves per 100 cows after adjusting for year, and the lower number of offspring in 2013 could possibly be associated with a below average rainfall in the 2012–2013 rainy season. Mean herd-level egg counts ranged from 83 to 140 and from 28 to 113 eggs per g faeces in 2011 and 2013, respectively. Haemonchus, Nematodirus, Cooperia and Oesophagostomum spp., as well as coccidian oocysts, were detected in the population. Monitoring herd demographics and baseline health parameters over time will provide insight into population performance, increase the understanding of population stressors and contribute to buffalo conservation within Ruaha National Park and other protected areas of Africa. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher African Journal of Ecology en_US
dc.subject African buffalo en_US
dc.subject Demographics en_US
dc.subject Parasites en_US
dc.subject Ruaha National Park en_US
dc.subject Survey en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.title Demographics and parasites of African buffalo (Syncerus caffer Sparrman, 1779) in Ruaha National Park, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url en_US

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