Sokoine University of Agriculture

Does cattle milieu provide a potential point to target wild exophilic anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) with entomopathogenic fungus? a bioinsecticide zooprophylaxis strategy for vector control.

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dc.contributor.author Lyimo, I. N.
dc.contributor.author Ng'habi, K. R.
dc.contributor.author Mpingwa, M. W.
dc.contributor.author Daraja, A. A.
dc.contributor.author Mwasheshe, D. D.
dc.contributor.author Nchimbi, N. S.
dc.contributor.author Lwetoijera, D. W.
dc.contributor.author Mnyone, L. L.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-12T07:13:43Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-12T07:13:43Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.uri https://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/2276
dc.description Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Parasitology Research en_US
dc.description.abstract Background.Anophelesarabiensis isincreasinglydominatingmalariatransmissioninAfrica.Theexophagyinmosquitoesthreatens the effectiveness of indoor vector control strategies. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of fungus against An. arabiensis when applied on cattle and their environments. Methods. Experiments were conducted under semi-field and small-scale field conditions within Kilombero valley. The semi-field reared females of 5–7 days old An. arabiensis were exposed to fungus-treated and untreated calf. Further, wild An. arabiensis were exposed to fungus-treated calves, mud-huts, and their controls. Mosquitoes were recaptured the next morning and proportion fed, infected, and survived were evaluated. Experiments were replicated three times using different individuals of calves. Results. A high proportion of An. arabiensis was fed on calves (>0.90) and become infected (0.94) while resting on fungus-treated mud walls than on other surfaces. However, fungus treatments reduced fecundity and survival of mosquitoes. Conclusion. This study demonstrates for the first time the potential of cattle and their milieu for controlling An. arabiensis. Most ofAn. arabiensis were fed and infected while resting on fungus-treated mud walls than on other surfaces. Fungus treatments reduced fecundity and survival of mosquitoes. These results suggest deployment of bioinsecticide zooprophylaxis against exophilic An. arabiensis. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Hindawi Publishing Corporation en_US
dc.subject Anopheles arabiensis en_US
dc.subject Malaria transmission en_US
dc.subject Wild Exophilic en_US
dc.subject Entomopathogenic Fungus en_US
dc.subject Bioinsecticide Zooprophylaxis Strategy en_US
dc.subject Vector Control en_US
dc.subject Mosquitoes en_US
dc.subject Africa en_US
dc.title Does cattle milieu provide a potential point to target wild exophilic anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) with entomopathogenic fungus? a bioinsecticide zooprophylaxis strategy for vector control. en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url http://ihi.eprints.org/910/ en_US


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