Sokoine University of Agriculture

Evaluation of microbial contamination along the milk value chain in two districts of Tanzania

Show simple item record Hyera, Emil 2017-12-08T10:40:12Z 2017-12-08T10:40:12Z 2015
dc.description MSc Thesis en_US
dc.description.abstract Milk is important as a valuable diet, but due to its nutritional value and perishable product it serves as an ideal medium for growth of various microorganisms under suitable conditions, hence it is a staple food in epidemiology linked to zoonotic pathogens. This study was carried out in two districts in Tanga region (Northern Tanzania) to estimate microbial load, isolate selected pathogens and establish their possible sources or entry along the milk value chain. A total of 114 respondents were interviewed and subsequently milk samples were aseptically collected for laboratory microbial analyses using the standard ISO procedures for Food microbial analyses — Horizontal methods. The results revealed poor practices and lack of formal training on milk hygiene among most of the actors. More than 90% of all handled milk samples had Total plate count (TPC) above the EAC maximum acceptable standard of 2.0x10 5 CFU/ml. The overall mean coliform plate count (CPC) was 1.8x10 6 ± 6.2x10 6 CFU/ml, which indicated poor animal husbandry and hygiene practices. The values of TPC and CPC between independent variables were not statistically significant different (P > 0.05). In the samples, one contained CPS isolate counting to 5.1x10 5 CFU/ml likely to cause staphylococcal poisoning. Isolated bacteria were Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria spp. including Listeria innocua, Listeria ivanovii and Listeria monocytogenes. Other microorganisms included Klebsiella spp., Proteus spp., Staphylococcus spp., Enterococcus faecalis, Bacillus cereus and Pseudomonas spp. In the identified pathogens, L. monocytogenes was most (42.1%) predominant. The quality of milk was poor; unhygienic practices, poor animal husbandry practices, organization of milk supply chains, dysfunction of the regulatory agencies and quality control structures predispose the public to risk of contracting milk-borne infections. Training on animal husbandry practices and public education on general milk handling and hygiene are recommended. Also, sector policies, organizational structures and support services and research into public health risks in milk must be focused. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development, German Department for International Cooperation (GIZ) and CGIAR CRP4 Agriculture for Nutrition and Health through the Safe Food Fair Food II (SFFF II) project en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject milk quality en_US
dc.subject hygienic practices en_US
dc.subject animal husbandry en_US
dc.subject perishable products en_US
dc.subject nutritional value en_US
dc.subject microbial contamination en_US
dc.subject milk value chain en_US
dc.title Evaluation of microbial contamination along the milk value chain in two districts of Tanzania en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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