Sokoine University of Agriculture

Climate change, smallholders farmers’ adaptation in Pangani Basin and Pemba implications for redd+ initiatives

Show simple item record Hella, J. P. Sanga, G. J. Haug, R. Mziray, N. Senga, H. Haji, M. Lyimo, S. Moshi, A. Mboya, S. Bakar, M. 2020-07-23T07:38:32Z 2020-07-23T07:38:32Z 2016
dc.identifier.issn 978 9987 735 53 2
dc.description Lessons and Implications for REDD+: Implementation Experiences from Tanzania, Book chapter 4, pg. 70-101 en_US
dc.description.abstract This chapter is based on a study conducted in Pangani river basin and on Pemba Island in Tanzania. The main objective of the study was to assess evidence of the climate, small farmers’ adaptive strategies and associated implications for REDD+ initiatives in the country. Historical climate data over more than 30 years were collected from nine stations in Pangani river basin and on Pemba. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected from 11 villages purposively selected based on the location (upper and lower basin and altitude). A questionnaire survey and Focus Group discussions were used to collect data from 387 respondents and 40 key informants, respectively. The respondents for the survey were randomly selected from 11 study villages. The results show evidence of rising temperatures, changing rainfall patterns, an increase in extreme weather conditions such as droughts, floods and hurricanes and the shifting distribution of pests and diseases. Expert opinions also confirmed major changes in climate parameters in recent years. About 89 percent and 95 percent of small-scale farmers perceive that there is a change in temperature and rainfall, respectively, and linked the changes to crop types, cropping patterns, and outbreak of human, animal and crop diseases in their respective areas. Results from Multinomial Logit Model indicate that farmers’ choices of climate change coping strategy depend on their access to extension services and credit, their education level, location as well as experience. Adaptive strategies range from change of crop types, farmers and livestock keepers moving to new areas near water sources and forests and increased farm activities. Unfortunately most of the smallholders’ adaptive strategies are compromising REDD+ initiatives. The study concludes that successful REDD+ initiatives within the framework of smallholders adaptive strategies to impacts of the climate changes requires externally sourced support for sustainable adaptation to climate changes. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Climate Change Iimpacts and Adaptation and Mitigation Project (CCIAM) - Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) en_US
dc.subject Climate change en_US
dc.subject Smallholders farmers en_US
dc.subject Pangani Basin-Pemba en_US
dc.subject Implications-REDD+ initiatives en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.title Climate change, smallholders farmers’ adaptation in Pangani Basin and Pemba implications for redd+ initiatives en_US
dc.type Book chapter en_US
dc.url en_US

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