Sokoine University of Agriculture

First report of Metarhizium anisopliae IP 46 pathogenicity in adult Anopheles gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis (Diptera; Culicidae)

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dc.contributor.author Mnyone, L. L.
dc.contributor.author Russell, T. L.
dc.contributor.author Lyimo, I. N.
dc.contributor.author Lwetoijera, D. W.
dc.contributor.author Kirby, M. J.
dc.contributor.author Luz, C.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-06-13T08:33:40Z
dc.date.available 2018-06-13T08:33:40Z
dc.date.issued 2009-12-01
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.suanet.ac.tz:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/2301
dc.description Parasites & Vectors, Short report. Open Access en_US
dc.description.abstract The entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae isolate IP 46, originating from a soil sample collected in 2001 in the Cerrado of Central Brazil, was tested for its ability to reduce the survival of adult male and female Anopheles gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis mosquitoes. A 6-h exposure to the fungus coated on test paper at a concentration of 3.3 × 106 conidia cm-2 reduced the daily survival of both mosquito species (HR = 3.14, p < 0.001), with higher risk of dying in An. gambiae s.s relative to An. arabiensis (HR = 1.38, p < 0.001). Fungal sporulation was observed in >95% of mosquito cadavers in the treatment groups. The results indicate that M. anisopliae IP 46 has the potential to be a bio-control agent for African malaria vector species, and is a suitable candidate for further research and development. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher BioMed Central en_US
dc.subject Entomopathogenic Fungus en_US
dc.subject Metarhizium Anisopliae en_US
dc.subject Daily Risk en_US
dc.subject Exposed Female en_US
dc.subject Fungus Metarhizium Anisopliae en_US
dc.title First report of Metarhizium anisopliae IP 46 pathogenicity in adult Anopheles gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis (Diptera; Culicidae) en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1756-3305-2-59 en_US


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