Sokoine University of Agriculture

Assessment of nitrate levels in water and soils for agriculture and human utilization in Singida district, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Lwiza, M. L.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-09T17:37:38Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-09T17:37:38Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.suanet.ac.tz:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/1574
dc.description A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE IN SOIL SCIENCE AND LAND MANAGEMENT OF SOKOINE UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE. MOROGORO, TANZANIA. en_US
dc.description.abstract Population growth in urban areas has caused increase in demand of good quality water for domestic use. Due tohigh nitrate levels in water sources reported by District water authoritiesin Singida District, this study was carried to determine sources, levels and distribution of nitrates in water and soils for agriculture and human utilization. Firstly, a reconnaissance survey was carried to identify water sources with high, medium and low levels of nitrates and determine nitrate levels in surrounding soils. Surface water, underground water and surrounding surface soils samples were randomly collected and analysed for nitrate levels.Their results assisted in identifying areas with high, medium and low nitrate levels where detailed soil sampling and analyses for nitrate levels in soils was carried out.Analysis of soils and water resources revealed high levels of nitrates in water samples ranging from 105 to 476mgL-1and25.2 to 114.8mgkg-1in soils.The distribution of soil nitrates along transects indicated that higher levels were recorded at lower slopes whilelower levels were recorded in the upper slopes. The distribution of nitrate with soil depth was quite variable. In some areas the soil nitrate levels increased with increasing soil depth while in other areas nitrate levels decreased with increasing depths.The nitrate levels in water found to beabove the tolerable limits of 20 mgL-1 and 50 mgL-1set by TBS (2005) and WHO (2007),respectively. Nitratelevels in soils are within the tolerable limits forcrop production. Due to observed high nitrate levels in water, more researchis required to generate sufficient data on the suitability of water for human consumption. The study on the dynamics ofnitrate in soils and water is recommended in orderto come up with strategies of reducing nitrate levels in water. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Nitrate levels assessment en_US
dc.subject Good quality water en_US
dc.subject Water sources en_US
dc.subject Underground water en_US
dc.subject Singida District en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.title Assessment of nitrate levels in water and soils for agriculture and human utilization in Singida district, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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