Sokoine University of Agriculture

Plague and the human flea, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Laudson, Anne
dc.contributor.author Leirs, Herwig
dc.contributor.author Makundi, Rhodes H.
dc.contributor.author Dongen, Stefan Van
dc.contributor.author Davis, Stephen
dc.contributor.author Neerinckx, Simon
dc.contributor.author Deckers, Jozef
dc.contributor.author Libois, Roland
dc.date.accessioned 2016-12-02T11:52:14Z
dc.date.available 2016-12-02T11:52:14Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1072
dc.description.abstract Domestic fl eas were collected in 12 villages in the western Usambara Mountains in Tanzania. Of these, 7 are considered villages with high plague frequency, where hu- man plague was recorded during at least 6 of the 17 plague seasons between 1986 and 2004. In the remaining 5 vil- lages with low plague frequency, plague was either rare or unrecorded. Pulex irritans, known as the human fl ea, was the predominant fl ea species (72.4%) in houses. The den- sity of P. irritans, but not of other domestic fl eas, was signifi - cantly higher in villages with a higher plague frequency or incidence. Moreover, the P. irritans index was strongly posi- tively correlated with plague frequency and with the logarith- mically transformed plague incidence. These observations suggest that in Lushoto District human fl eas may play a role in plague epidemiology. These fi ndings are of immediate public health relevance because they provide an indicator that can be surveyed to assess the risk for plague. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Emerging Infectious Diseases en_US
dc.subject Plague en_US
dc.subject Human Flea en_US
dc.subject Western Usambara Mountains en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.subject Domestic fleas en_US
dc.title Plague and the human flea, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url www.cdc.gov/eid en_US


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