Sokoine University of Agriculture

Evaluation of plant and animal products / by products as alternative protein sources to fish meal in Tilapia diets

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dc.contributor.author Bazili, Joseph
dc.date.accessioned 2016-06-28T16:02:20Z
dc.date.available 2016-06-28T16:02:20Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/783
dc.description Masters Thesis en_US
dc.description.abstract The study was conducted to develop practical diets in Tanzania for Nile tilapia using fish meal (FM), soybean meal (SBM), cotton seed meal (CSM), sunflower seed meal (SFSM), freshwater shrimp meal (FSM) and blood meal (BM). Eleven isonitrogenous (30g 100g-1), isolipidic (10g 100g-1) and isoenergetic (18 kJg-1) test diets were prepared; the control diet (FM) used FM (22%) and SBM (30%) as the major sources of protein. In the test diets, FM was fixed at 5%, while inclusion of SBM, CSM and SFSM varied as follows; SBM diets contained SBM at 20(SBM20), 25(SBM25) and 30(SBM30). CSM diets contained CSM at 15(CSM15), 20(CSM20) and 25(CSM25) and SFSM diets contained SFSM at 10(SFSM10), 15(SFSM15) and 20(SFSM20). Blended diet (BLEND) contained CSM and SFSM at 10% and SBM at 5%. Chemical composition was determined using standard method (AOAC, 2002). A total of 330 fingerlings with an average weight of 3.5 g were stocked at rate of 10 fish per 20 L tank. Dietary treatments were in triplicates in complete randomized design. Fish were fed for eight weeks and once a week were weighed and ration adjusted accordingly. Collected data was analysed using descriptive statistics and one way ANOVA at p<0.05. SBM, CSM, SFSM, FSM and BM had 42.3/44.6/19.5/59.1/83.1% of CP and 11.9/14.4/35.5/7.0/0.20% of CF respectively. There was no significant difference in growth between FM and CSM diets (p<0.05). Higher growth was observed in CSM diets and least in SFSM diets. Optimum growth for each ingredient was observed at CSM20, SBM25 and SFSM20. Feed utilization followed the same trend. SFSM, BLEND and CSM diets were cost-effective than FM and SBM diets (p<0.05). Long-term feeding trials using the BLEND, CSM20, SBM25 and SFSM20 diets should be done to evaluate their biological and economical performance under actual farming conditions. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Plant products en_US
dc.subject Animal products en_US
dc.subject Alternative protein sources en_US
dc.subject Protein sources en_US
dc.subject Fish meal en_US
dc.subject Tilapia en_US
dc.title Evaluation of plant and animal products / by products as alternative protein sources to fish meal in Tilapia diets en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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