Sokoine University of Agriculture

Rural youths’ choice of livelihood strategies and their Effect on food security and income poverty in Rwanda

Show simple item record Kangondo, A. 2021-07-08T18:33:00Z 2021-07-08T18:33:00Z 2020
dc.description.abstract Arable land inadequacy and limited livelihood strategies are phenomena posing a challenge on rural food security and chronic poverty in Rwanda. However, literature linking land resources, youth livelihood strategies and livelihood outcomes is scanty. The study examined livelihood strategies pursued by rural youths, analyzes their returns to labour per day, and determines factors influencing youths’ choices of livelihood strategies. Furthermore, the relationship between rural youths’ choice of livelihood strategies, food security and income poverty alltogether were analysed in this study. The study used data from the 2016/17 wave of Integrated Household Living Condition Survey, with a sample of 2811 rural youths. The results from descriptive analyses indicate that rural youths in Rwanda pursue seven livelihood strategies namely agriculture, non-farm wage employment, self-employment, agriculture plus non-farm wage, agriculture plus self-employment, non-farm wage plus self-employment, and agriculture plus non-farm wage plus self-employment. Of these livelihood strategies, non-farm wage plus selfemployment, non-farm wage and self-employment are three choices with highest daily return to labour in Rwandan Francs 1(RWF) as they generated median daily income of RWF 526, 424, and 357 respectively. Although agriculture alone was the most practiced livelihood strategy, it was the least rewarding with a return to labour of RWF 201 per day. Findings from the first stage of METE model revealed that rural youth’s choice of livelihood strategies was influenced by age of youth, sex and education of both youth and household head, household size, distance to the nearest urban center, land size, land productivity, access to information through phones. The estimates in the second stage of the METE indicate that non-farm wage, self-employment, agriculture plus selfemployment, non-farm wage plus self-employment, agriculture plus non-farm wage plus 1 1usd =RWF 834, Dec ember 2017 self-employment strategies contribute to household food security improvement and poverty reduction when compared to agriculture alone. Based on these findings, this study concludes that agriculture is a necessary but not a sufficient livelihood strategy to sustain the contribution of rural youths’ livelihood strategies to their households livelihood. There is therefore a need for the government and development practitioners to support development of rural non-farm activities including agro-processing, distribution, provision of inputs and improving access to market outlets. This should go hand in hand with interventions to enhance agricultural productivity as it ncessary not only to motivate youths to engage in agriculture. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Rural youths en_US
dc.subject livelihood en_US
dc.subject Food security en_US
dc.subject Income en_US
dc.subject Poverty en_US
dc.subject Rwanda en_US
dc.title Rural youths’ choice of livelihood strategies and their Effect on food security and income poverty in Rwanda en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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