Sokoine University of Agriculture

Variation of common bean (phaseolus vulgaris l.) genotypes for water stress, adaptability and yield performance in Kagera Region, North – Western, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Mbiu, J. P.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-17T12:56:10Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-17T12:56:10Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/3390
dc.description M.Sc. Dissertation en_US
dc.description.abstract Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is the most important crop for the livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Tanzania; it is the most produced pulse by small-scale farmers for household consumption and earning income after selling surplus. Common beans are intercropped with maize or with permanent crops such as banana or coffee and some few farmers grow it as a sole crop. The objectives of this study were to assess the effects of water stress on seed yield of common bean under controlled environment; and determine the performance and adaptability of 16 genotypes at different agro-ecological environments in Kagera Region. Two experiments were conducted during the study; one was done in the screen-house and the other one was the field experiment. The screen house study on yield response to water regime revealed that genotypes DAB 582, SRC 59, IBWERA, DAB 602, SSIN 1240, Lyamungu 90, SMC 24, SMR 101, DAB 362 and JESCA were drought tolerant with lower and high value of the Drought Susceptibility Index (DSI) and Yield Stability Index (YSI) respectively. The analysis of variance of the Additive Main effects and Multiplicative Interaction (AMMI) model indicated that environments accounted for 56.9% of the total sum of square; genotypes effect explained 9.2% and the G x E interaction effect accounted 8.9% of the total sum of squares. According the results, the GGE biplot revealed that, the genotypes SSIN 1240, SAB 659 and DAB 219, SMR 101, SMC 162 and DAB 602 showed greater stability with the average closer to the overall average of the tested genotypes. Therefore, genotypes SMC 162, DAB 602, SSIN 1128, DAB 362 and SMR 101 were identified and recommended to be used in future breeding program as moisture stress tolerant, good seed yield and widely adapted in Kagera Region and similar agro ecologies. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Common bean en_US
dc.subject Smallholder farmers en_US
dc.subject Yield performance en_US
dc.subject Kagera Region en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.subject Phaseolus vulgaris L en_US
dc.subject Water stress en_US
dc.title Variation of common bean (phaseolus vulgaris l.) genotypes for water stress, adaptability and yield performance in Kagera Region, North – Western, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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