Sokoine University of Agriculture

Nutrient Adequacy of Foods Consumed among Adult Population Residing in Urban Parts of Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania

Show simple item record Majili, Z. S. Pacific, R. Bundala, N. 2021-01-29T12:17:08Z 2021-01-29T12:17:08Z 2017
dc.identifier.issn 2278 – 0211
dc.description International Journal of Innovative Research & Development, en_US
dc.description.abstract may result to poor nutritional status. However, determining the level of nutrient intakes may be used to establish nutritional adequacy of the diet consumed. Therefore, this study aimed at assessing nutrient adequacy of diet consumed by adult’s population in urban area of Dar-es-salaam. A cross sectional study was conducted among 270 adult’s population aged 25 to 64 years. Dietary intake was assessed by using a repeated 24hr dietary recall method and Nutrient adequacy ratio for energy, protein, fat, carbohydrates, fiber, cholesterol, iron, zinc and calcium was calculated. Mean age (years) of the subject was 38 ± 10.5 years. On average energy intake was2295.6 ± 264.6 Kcal. Average intake for protein, fat and carbohydrate were 65.6 ± 11.5g, 79 ± 18.5g and 337.2 ± 46.8g respectively. Mean saturated fat intake was 53.9 ± 14.9g. Other nutrients analyzed were fibre (23.9 ± 5.3g), iron (11.7 ± 2.8mg), zinc (8.2 ± 1.5mg) and calcium (299.8 ± 204.4mg). Mean dietary diversity score was 8where by more than 50% of the subjects consumed at least 8 food groups. Average nutrient adequacy ratio for energy was (0.86), fat (1.27), protein (1.05), carbohydrate (1.1), saturated fat (4.15), fiber (1.07), iron (0.31), zinc (0.89), calcium (0.3)and the mean adequacy ratio (MAR) for energy intake and 8nutrients was 1.22. Food consumed provided adequate nutrients due to composition of different foods groups. However, the nutrient adequacy ratio for calcium was very low compared to saturated fat which had a cut-off of 1, indicating that more fat has been consumed than recommended level. This may result in developing metabolic risk factors that contribute to the increase of non-communicable diseases. Therefore, promotion of diversified diets in a right proportion should be advocated to build a health society. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Nutritional adequacy en_US
dc.subject Adults en_US
dc.subject 24hrs recall en_US
dc.subject Nutrient adequacy ratio en_US
dc.title Nutrient Adequacy of Foods Consumed among Adult Population Residing in Urban Parts of Dar-es-salaam, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url en_US

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