Sokoine University of Agriculture

Mycobacterium genotypes in pulmonary tuberculosis infections and their detection by trained African giant pouched rats

Show simple item record Mgode, G. F. Cohen-Bacrie, S. Bedotto, M. Weetjens, B. J. Cox, C. Jubitana, M. Kuipers, D. Machang’u, R. S. Kazwala, R. Mfinanga, S.G. Kaufmann, S. H. E. Drancourt, M. 2020-06-05T08:41:20Z 2020-06-05T08:41:20Z 2015
dc.description Article of Curr Microbiol (2015) 70:212–218 en_US
dc.description.abstract Tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in low-income countries is mainly done by microscopy. Hence, little is known about the diversity of Mycobacterium spp. in TB infections. Different genotypes or lineages of Mycobacte- rium tuberculosis vary in virulence and induce different inflammatory and immune responses. Trained Cricetomys rats show a potential for rapid diagnosis of TB. They detect over 28 % of smear-negative, culture-positive TB. How- ever, it is unknown whether these rats can equally detect sputa from patients infected with different genotypes of M. tuberculosis. A 4-month prospective study on diversity of Mycobacterium spp. was conducted in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. 252 sputa from 161 subjects were cultured on Lowenstein-Jensen medium and thereafter tested by rats. Mycobacterial isolates were subjected to molecular iden- tification and multispacer sequence typing (MST) to determine species and genotypes. A total of 34 Mycobac- terium spp. isolates consisting of 32 M. tuberculosis, 1 M. avium subsp. hominissuis and 1 M. intracellulare were obtained. MST analyses of 26 M. tuberculosis isolates yielded 10 distinct MST genotypes, including 3 new genotypes with two clusters of related patterns not grouped by geographic areas. Genotype MST-67, shared by one- third of M. tuberculosis isolates, was associated with the Mwananyamala clinic. This study shows that diverse M. tuberculosis genotypes (n = 10) occur in Dar es Salaam and trained rats detect 80 % of the genotypes. Sputa with two M. tuberculosis genotypes (20 %), M. avium homin- issuis and M. intracellulare were not detected. Therefore, rats detect sputa with different M. tuberculosis genotypes and can be used to detect TB in resource-poor countries. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer Science+Business en_US
dc.subject Mycobacterium genotypes en_US
dc.subject Pulmonary tuberculosis infections en_US
dc.subject Trained African Giant en_US
dc.subject Pouched Rats en_US
dc.title Mycobacterium genotypes in pulmonary tuberculosis infections and their detection by trained African giant pouched rats en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url en_US

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