Sokoine University of Agriculture

Technical efficiency of smallholder pearl millet farmers in the semi-arid farming system of Dodoma, Tanzania

Show simple item record Mgosi, N. 2020-05-12T10:31:52Z 2020-05-12T10:31:52Z 2019
dc.description A Dissertation In Agricultural and Applied Economics en_US
dc.description.abstract The objective of this study was to examine the level of technical efficiency of smallholder pearl millet producers and identify its determinants in the semi-arid farming system of Dodoma, Tanzania. A Translog stochastic production function model was used in the analysis. To specify technical inefficiency effects of socioeconomic variables, Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) technique using cross sectional data collected from 300 randomly selected sample farmers in 2016 was applied. The MLE results revealed that land size under pearl millet cultivation and squared labour man days are the major factors influencing positively changes in the pearl millet output. The effect of land area on the output is positive and the coefficient is found to be significant, implying the economies of scale. The test result indicates that there is inefficiency in the production of pearl millet in the study area. The relative deviation from the frontier due to inefficiency is 67%. The average estimated technical efficiency for smallholder maize producers ranges from 0.18 to 0.91 with a mean technical efficiency of 0.78 (78%). The analysis also reveals that educational level of the farmer, experience of household head, and household size are the major socioeconomic factors significantly influenced farmers’ technical efficiency and pearl millet output at 10%, 1% and 5% respectively. The implication of the study is that technical efficiency in pearl millet production in the study area could be increased by 22 percent through better use of available resources, given the current state of technology. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Technical efficiency en_US
dc.subject Smallholder pearl en_US
dc.subject Millet farmers en_US
dc.subject semi-arid farming system en_US
dc.subject Dodoma en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.title Technical efficiency of smallholder pearl millet farmers in the semi-arid farming system of Dodoma, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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