Sokoine University of Agriculture

Diversity and genetic identity of pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.] in Tanzania based on microsatellite markers

Show simple item record Makaranga, A. Seth, M. S. Ndee, A. Mneney, E. E. Mbwambo, G. Lema, K. Godfrey, A. Mrema, L. Kachiwile, A. Mrema, E. Msogoya, T. J. 2019-07-15T08:03:12Z 2019-07-15T08:03:12Z 2018
dc.identifier.issn 1684-5315
dc.description African Journal of Biotechnology, 2018; 17(26), 811-817 en_US
dc.description.abstract Pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.] is an important fruit crop cultivated in Tanzania. However, the knowledge on genetic diversity of the pineapple cultivars grown in Tanzania is limited. This study was aimed at determining the genetic diversity and identity of pineapple cultivars from different growing regions in Tanzania using microsatellite markers also known as simple sequence repeat marker (SSR). Ten of the 18 microsatellite markers were polymorphic and generated a total of 22 distinct reproducible bands with an average of 2.2 bands per primer pair. The number of polymorphic bands detected with each primer pair ranged from 1 to 3 with an average of 1.5 per primer pair. The polymorphic information content (PIC) values of each primer pair ranged from 0.17 to 0.79 with an average of 0.41. Two microsatellite loci TsuAC010 and TsuAC039 revealed PIC values higher than 0.50 thus suggesting that such primers have high discriminatory ability. The consensus tree derived from the unweighted pairgroup method with arithmetic means (UPGMA) revealed four different groups. Kinole-SCT subpopulation formed a distinct group from Madeke-SCT and MD2 hybrid cultivar. Kinole-SC, Mukuranga- SC, and Kiwangwa-SCcultivars were closely related on the cluster analysis. This study demonstrated the existence of low genetic diversity in pineapples cultivated in Tanzania implying that a well-thoughtout breeding strategies should be employed for genetic improvements of pineapple. Introduction of exotic clones and employment of modern breeding strategies such as marker assisted selection (MAS) and genetic engineering technologies is recommended. This will widen the current genetic pool of pineapple in Tanzania. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher African Journal of Biotechnology en_US
dc.subject Polymorphic information content (PIC). en_US
dc.subject Genetic diversity en_US
dc.subject Microsatellite markers en_US
dc.subject Unweighted pairgroup method with arithmetic means en_US
dc.subject Pineapple en_US
dc.subject Ananascomosus (L.) Merr. en_US
dc.title Diversity and genetic identity of pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.] in Tanzania based on microsatellite markers en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url en_US

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