Sokoine University of Agriculture

Sunflower and Livelihood Outcomes among Households of Smallholder Farmers in Iramba District, Tanzania

Show simple item record Jeckoniah, John 2019-05-09T11:32:49Z 2019-05-09T11:32:49Z 2018-06-25
dc.identifier.citation Mchopa, A.D. and Jeckoniah,J.N., ​ (2018):SunflowerandLivelihoodOutcomes among Households of Smallholder Farmers in IrambaDistrict,Tanzania,inKinyashi,G.F.,Mwang’onda,E.,Mandala, C.G., Hauli, E., and Mdendemi, T.R.K (eds.), Conference ProceedingsforanInternationalConferenceonPlanningand Development under the theme Towards Industrialisation in the Global South: Making Rural Regions Inclusive, held at the Institute of Rural Development Planning-Dodoma June 28-30, 2018 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 978-9976-9974-0-8
dc.description.abstract Sunflower production is an important economic activity which is potential for improving livelihood outcomes among smallholder farmers’ households. However, despite such potentials, studies still debate on whether livelihoodoutcomesamongsmallholderfarmers can beattainedthroughsunflowercultivationorotherwise.Thispaperpresentsanalysisof the livelihood outcome levels among smallholder farmers before and after engaging in sunflower cultivation. Also, it compared the livelihood outcome levels between sunflower and non-sunflower smallholder farmers. The study adopted a cross-sectional research design whereby household survey, focus group discussion and key informants interviews were used to collect data from 368 respondents. Qualitative data were transcribed, categorised, coded, and grouped into themes and analysed using constant comparison technique. Quantitative data wereanalysedbyusingdescriptivestatisticswhiledifference in difference estimation was run to compare livelihood outcomes. Findings show that households of sunflower smallholder farmers’ had higher levels of livelihood outcomes and they were significantly different unlike before sunflower cultivation. The livelihood outcomes between sunflower and non-sunflower smallholder farmers’ households were significantly different (t = 12.51; p =0.000).Thesignificantdifferenceswereevidencedby the number of household assets and access to financial services. Thus, sunflower cultivation stands a better chance for improving livelihood outcomes among smallholder farmers unlike other economic activities in the study area. Since findings show that some of the households had low level of livelihood outcomes it is recommended to smallholder farmers that they should consider building their livelihood capabilities through collective efforts as they are constrained by land size for cultivation. This can be done through forming farmers groups whereby they can join efforts to access microfinance loans and acquire small scale processing machines. This would enable them to increase household incomes by selling sunflower oil as well as seed cakes compared to selling few quantities of raw sunflower seeds individually. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher IRDP en_US
dc.subject livelihood outcome en_US
dc.subject smallholder farmers, en_US
dc.subject Sunflower cultivation en_US
dc.title Sunflower and Livelihood Outcomes among Households of Smallholder Farmers in Iramba District, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Conferencce Proceedings en_US
dc.url en_US

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