Sokoine University of Agriculture

Long-term chemical fertilization in Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Mkonda, M. Y.
dc.contributor.author He, X.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-07T18:30:43Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-07T18:30:43Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/2785
dc.description.abstract Long-term application of chemical fertilizers has both positive and negative impacts on soil and the environment. Chemical fertilizers fertilize the soil and increase crop yields but they modify microbial functions involved in bioremediation and organic matter processing. As a consequence soils become unproductive. In the 1960s the Ismani area was the major growing zone of maize in Tanzania. From the 1960s to early 1990s this area attracted more people to invest in maize production. People immigrated in the area because of soil fertility where they grew maize to curb food insecurity and poverty. In 1976 Ismani contributed over 10% of the total maize in the National Milling Corporation. Subsequently, in 1983 Ismani produced 250,000 tons of maize. This production was mainly catalyzed by the application of chemical fertilizers. However, in 1990s the production trend started to diminish rapidly. The major reason for this downfall was acidification of the soils due to increasing soil pH. Long-term chemical fertilization was the major reason for this. Acidic soil limited the availability of plant nutrients and raised the concentration of toxic metals in the soil. Subsequently, this situation impaired the life of micro-organism such as earthworms, which forms humus useful for crop production. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer International Publishing AG en_US
dc.subject Nutrient management en_US
dc.subject Farmers en_US
dc.subject Inorganic fertilizers en_US
dc.subject Basic soil productivity en_US
dc.subject Conservation agriculture en_US
dc.subject Microbes en_US
dc.subject Maize yields en_US
dc.subject Food security en_US
dc.subject Poverty en_US
dc.subject Ismani en_US
dc.title Long-term chemical fertilization in Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-58679-3_9 en_US


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