Sokoine University of Agriculture

Mapping numerically classified soil taxa in Kilombero Valley, Tanzania using machine learning

Show simple item record Massawe, B. H. J. Subburayalu, S. K. Kaaya, A. K. Winowiecki, L. Slater, B. K. 2019-04-16T14:15:57Z 2019-04-16T14:15:57Z 2016-11-24
dc.description Geoderma 2016; Vol 311: 143-148 en_US
dc.description.abstract Inadequacy of spatial soil information is one of the limiting factors to making evidence-based decisions to improve food security and land management in the developing countries. Various digital soilmapping (DSM) techniques have been applied inmany parts of theworld to improve availability and usability of soil data, but less has been done in Africa, particularly in Tanzania and at the scale necessary tomake farmmanagement decisions. The Kilombero Valley has been identified for intensified rice production. However the valley lacks detailed and up-todate soil information for decision-making. The overall objective of this study was to develop a predictive soilmap of a portion of Kilombero Valley using DSM techniques. Two widely used decision tree algorithms and three sources of Digital ElevationModels (DEMs) were evaluated for their predictive ability. Firstly, a numerical classification was performed on the collected soil profile data to arrive at soil taxa. Secondly, the derived taxawere spatially predicted and mapped following SCORPAN framework using Random Forest (RF) and J48 machine learning algorithms. Datasets to train the model were derived from legacy soil map, RapidEye satellite image and three DEMs: 1 arc SRTM, 30 m ASTER, and 12 m WorldDEM. Separate predictive models were built using each DEM source. Mapping showed that RF was less sensitive to the training set sampling intensity. Results also showed that predictions of soil taxa using 1 arc SRTM and 12mWordDEMwere identical.We suggest the use of RF algorithmand the freely available SRTMDEMcombination formapping the soils for thewhole Kilombero Valley. This combination can be tested and applied in other areas which have relatively flat terrain like the Kilombero Valley en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Kilombero Valley en_US
dc.subject Numerical classification en_US
dc.subject Machine learning en_US
dc.subject Soil mapping en_US
dc.subject Decision tree analysis en_US
dc.subject DEM en_US
dc.title Mapping numerically classified soil taxa in Kilombero Valley, Tanzania using machine learning en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url en_US

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