Sokoine University of Agriculture

The Social and Economic Impacts of Ruaha National Park Expansion

Show simple item record Sirima, Agnes 2018-11-28T09:41:40Z 2018-11-28T09:41:40Z 2016-06
dc.identifier.other 10.4236/jss.2016.46001
dc.description.abstract Displacement of people to allow expansion of protected areas involves removing people from their ancestral land or excluding people from undertaking livelihood activities in their usual areas. The approach perpetuates the human-nature dichotomy, where protected areas are regarded as pristine lands that need to be separated from human activities. Beyond material loss, displaced communities suffer loss of symbolic representation and identity that is attached to the place. The aim of this paper was to assess impacts of Ruaha National Park expansions to the adjoining communities. Five villages were surveyed: Ikoga Mpya, Igomelo, Nyeregete, Mahango and Luhango. All participants were victims of the eviction to expand the park borders. Based on the conceptual analysis, major themes generated were: loss of access to livelihood resources, change in resource ownership, conservation costs, resource use conflict, place identity, and the role of power. Similar to previous studies, results show that local communities suffered both symbolic and material loss as a result of park expansion. Furthermore, it has shown that conflicts related to land use changes have roots within (pastoralist vs. farmers; Sangu vs. Sukuma) as well as from the outside. Hence, to better understand resource access and ownership, a deeper understanding of community characteristics/composition and their local interaction is important. Further, park expansion needs to take into consideration human livelihood need. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Open Journal of Social Sciences en_US
dc.subject Conservation en_US
dc.subject Displacement en_US
dc.subject Ruaha National Park en_US
dc.subject Protected area en_US
dc.title The Social and Economic Impacts of Ruaha National Park Expansion en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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