Sokoine University of Agriculture

Developing Fire Reduction Strategy for Miombo Woodlands as a Potential tool for Carbon Storage and Sequestration

Show simple item record Katani, J. Z. Modoffe, S.S. Midtgaard, F. Rija, A. A. Amanzi, N. S. Kilawe, C.J. Mbeyale, G. E. Zahabu, E. Tarimo, B. C. Silayo, D.S. A. 2018-10-22T07:30:29Z 2018-10-22T07:30:29Z 2016
dc.identifier.citation Katani, J.Z., Madoffe, S.S., Midtgaard, F., Rija, A.A. Amanzi, N.S., Kilawe, C.J., Mbeyale, G.E., Zahabu, E., Christopher, B.T. and Silayo, D.A. (2016). Climate change mitigation and adaptation through development of fire reduction strategy for the miombo woodlands: A potential tool for carbon storage and sequestration. In Kulindwa, K. A., Silayo, D., Zahabu, E., Lokina, R., Hella, J., Hepelwa.,Shirima, D., Macrice, S and Kalonga, S. (eds). Lessons and Implications from REDD+ Implementation: Experiences from Tanzania. CCIAM-SUA, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. E&D Vision Publishing Ltd., Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. pp 3-24 en_US
dc.identifier.isbn 978 9987 735 53 2
dc.description.abstract World-wide, wildfires cause problems and when uncontrolled or misused they wreak havoc on society and the environment. In Tanzania, fire occurs in most parts of the Miombo woodlands, and some of them cause significant eco-logical and socio-economic impacts. Several efforts have been made in Tanzania to reduce the occurrence of fire in Miombo but their success has been constrained by underfunding and/or lack of proper strategies. Moreover, in many districts of Tanzania there are no apparent solutions to the fire problem, despite years of regulation and attempts to control fire, and in many places fire incidences are actually increasing. Therefore, this study intended to develop a fire management strategy for the Miombo woodland as a tool for climate change mitigation. This study also strived to identify causes, effects and factors contributing to fire prevalence. Spatial and temporal distribution of fires and burnt extents of wooded areas were determined from the Moderate Resolution Imanging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) active fires product and Landsat satellite images for the past 40 years (1972–2012). Vegetation and household surveys were used to capture empirical data on carbon stock and how different burning regimes and forest management scenarios influence carbon sequestration potentials. Furthermore, the role of formal and informal framework for the prevention, control and management of wild fires in the Miombo was determined. Th main output of this study is a proposed fire reduction strategy in Miombo. Th study findings show that, to a wider extent, 1.8 and 2.9 years mean fire return interval persist in western and eastern dry Miombo areas, respectively, burning up to 50.6% of the woodland. These wildfires were largely human-driven and commonly occur in all the villages surveyed whereas the existing local governance structures and institutions suffered from poor coordination, severe underfunding and poor support from the villagers. Torching of forests was largely perpetuated by weak enforcement of laws and regulations, poverty and existing local beliefs. On average, there is an indication that the central government forests have higher stock of carbon than the local government forests and village government forest reserves. However, there was no significant difference in carbon stock between forests experiencing no burning, early burning and late burning. The proposed fire management strategy for Miombo woodlands focused on the promotion of sustainable alternative land preparation methods, improved household income sources and awareness, sustainable land use management and promotion of sustainable charcoal production. The strategy indicates a number of activities to be implemented and actors responsible for each activity. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher E&D Vision Publishing Ltd en_US
dc.subject Fire reduction strategies en_US
dc.subject Miombo woodlands en_US
dc.subject Climate change mitigation en_US
dc.subject Carbon storage en_US
dc.subject Carbon sequestration en_US
dc.subject Fire management strategies en_US
dc.title Developing Fire Reduction Strategy for Miombo Woodlands as a Potential tool for Carbon Storage and Sequestration en_US
dc.type Book chapter en_US

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