Sokoine University of Agriculture

Identification of risk factors associated with transmission of plague disease in eastern Zambia

Show simple item record Nyirenda, S. S. Hang’ombe, B. M. Machang’u, R. Mwanza, J. Kilonzo, B. S. 2018-06-19T07:28:53Z 2018-06-19T07:28:53Z 2017
dc.description Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 97(3), 2017, pp. 826–830 en_US
dc.description.abstract Plague is a fatal, primarily rodent-flea-borne zoonotic disease caused by Yersinia pestis. The identificatio of risk factors of plague was investigated through questionnaire interview and conducting focus group discussion (FGD) in Sinda and Nyimba districts of eastern Zambia. A total of 104 questionnaires were administered to individual respondents and 20 groups consisting of 181 discussants, which comprised FGD team in this study. The study revealed that trapping, transportation, and preparation of rodents for food exposed the community to rodent and their fleas suggesting that plague may have occurred primarily by either flea bites or contact with infected wild rodents. The study also revealed that most people in communities consumed rodents as part of their regular diet; therefore, contact with small wild mammals was a common practice. The mode of transportation of freshly trapped rodents, in particular, carcasses risked human to flea bites. Questionnaire respondents (75%) and FGD discussants (55%) indicated that trappers preferred to carry rodent carcasses in small bags, whereas 55.8% and 20% respectively, reported hunters carrying carcasses in their pockets. Carrying of carcass skewers on trappers’ shoulders was reported by 38.4% and 20% of individual respondents and FGD, respectively. All these activities were exposing humans to rodents and their fleas, the natural reservoirs and vectors of (.2 plague, respectively. This study also showed that there is a statistically significant = 4.6878, P < 0.05), between digging of rodents from their burrows and the presence of fleas on the hunter’s bodies or clothes, which exposes humans to potentially flea bites in an enzootic cycle. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher American society of tropical medicine and hygiene en_US
dc.subject Risk factors en_US
dc.subject Identification en_US
dc.subject Transmission en_US
dc.subject Plague disease en_US
dc.subject Eastern Zambia en_US
dc.title Identification of risk factors associated with transmission of plague disease in eastern Zambia en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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