Sokoine University of Agriculture

Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and associated risk factors among local government workers at Bariadi Town Council, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Nyabisaga, C. M.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-05T14:51:20Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-05T14:51:20Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/2001
dc.description A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE IN PUBLIC HEALTH AND FOOD SAFETY OF SOKOINE UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE. MOROGORO, TANZANIA en_US
dc.description.abstract Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is the predominant form of human diabetes. It is worldwide increasing rapidly. In Tanzania, over 1.7 million people have diabetes, about 1.3 million live undiagnosed and prevalence is higher in urban than rural areas. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of T2DM and associated risk factors among Local Government Authority workers at Bariadi Town Council, Tanzania. A cross-sectional study approach was applied, five clusters of study units were purposively formed, and stratified by gender. Subjects were sampled from each stratum by applying systematic sampling technique and a sample of 229 subjects was selected proportional to size. Data were collected through face-to-face interview using structured questionnaires. Anthropometric measurements were taken. Subjects were also screened for random blood glucose and those with values ≥ 5.6 and ≤11.1 mmol/l were scheduled for fasting blood glucose, and individuals with fasting blood glucose values above (7.0 mmol/l) were confirmed to be diabetic. Epi Info and SPSS software were used in data analysis. Risk factors were subjected to bivariate analysis and those factors that were associated with T2DM and known T2DM predictors were subjected to logistic regression through backward step-wise elimination method; Likelihood ratio statistic of 0.1 was set as removal criterion to determine the final model. Strength of association was assessed by Odds Ratios and 95% Confidence Intervals. The overall prevalence was found to be 7.9% (95%CI=4.7-12.1). Risk factors for T2DM were found to be sex (OR=4.545, 95%CI: 1.069-19.325), age between 30-41 and 41-50 years (OR=8.08, 95%CI: 1.215-53.741; OR=15.08, 95%CI: 2.315-98.342) and history of raised blood sugar (OR=0.032, 95%CI: 0.006-0.167). Female subjects and primary school workers were mostly affected. Sex, age, history of diabetes had significant association with T2DM. Control efforts should be directed on screening and public nutrition programmes. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Diabetes mellitus en_US
dc.subject Associated risk factors en_US
dc.subject Local government workers en_US
dc.subject Bariadi Town Council en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.title Prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and associated risk factors among local government workers at Bariadi Town Council, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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