Sokoine University of Agriculture

Evaluation of aqueous extracted moringa leaf meal as a protein source for Nile Tilapia Juveniles

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dc.contributor.author Madalla, N.
dc.contributor.author Agbo, N.W.
dc.contributor.author Jauncey, K.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-03T13:22:53Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-03T13:22:53Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.issn 0856 668X
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/1986
dc.description Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2013, Vol. 12(1) : 53-64 en_US
dc.description.abstract This study was conducted to evaluate suitabi lity ofmor inga leaf meal (MLM) as an alternative source of protein for Oreochromis niloticus. MLM was soaked overnight in tap water at 1:1 w/v to remove saponins and other water soluble antinutritional factors (ANF). Soaking resulted in a decrease in MLM crude protein content from 34.9 to 31.1g 100-1g but no effect on saponins which remained at 1.2 g 100-1g. Digestibility trial showed that MLM had high digestibility for protein (89%) and energy (76.8%). Growth trial used five isonitro genous (30g 100-1g), i s ol ip idic ( 10g 100-1g) and isoe nergetic (18 kJ g-1 ) diet s in which ML M provided 15, 30, 45 and 60 g 100-1 of total dietary protein. This led to a significant decline (p < 0.(5) in feed intake (0.71, 0.56, 0.50, 0.45 and 0.40g fish-1 day-1), specific growth rate (2.73,2.18, 1.44, 1.44 and 0.97 % day-1) and an increase in feed conversion ratio (2.26, 3.11, 4.97, 4.34 and 7.27) respectively. This was largely due to the saponins and other antinutritional factors which affected palatability. Thus there is a need of developing more efficient technique of removing the antinutritional factors in MLM. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Antinutritional factors en_US
dc.subject Orechromis niloticus en_US
dc.subject Feed utilisation en_US
dc.subject Body composition en_US
dc.title Evaluation of aqueous extracted moringa leaf meal as a protein source for Nile Tilapia Juveniles en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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