Sokoine University of Agriculture

Assessment of soil N, P, and K status of selected paddy growing areas of Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Semoka, J.M.R.
dc.contributor.author Mnguu, Y.O.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-18T06:01:11Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-18T06:01:11Z
dc.date.issued 2000
dc.identifier.issn 0856 668X
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/1898
dc.description Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2000, Vol. 3(1) : 1 - 10 en_US
dc.description.abstract Suitable diagnostic criteria to assess the N, P and K status of rice growing areas particularly in developing countries like Tanzania are required. The objective of this study was to develop such criteria in selected rice growing areas of Tanzania and relate nutrient levels to rice response to fertilizer appli cation; Soil samples from 10 paddy growing areas of Tanzania were testedfor N, P and K using selected indices. Nitrogen supply was assessed by organic carbon (OC), total Nand alkaline-KMn04-N while P was assessed by Olsen, Bray-1 and the iron oxide coated-filter paper strip (Pi) methods. Potassium was extracted by neutral 1 N NH40Ac. Extractable nutrients were correlated with DM Yields and nutrient uptakefrom a glasshouse experiment which was also used to assess response of rice to these nutrients. OJ the three Nindices evaluated, only OC correlated significantly (r = 0.73, P< 0.05) with n'ce DMyield thus serving as a good index of N supply. Asfor P indices, Olsen P gave a highly significant correlation with rice DM yield (r = 0.85, P < 0.01) while the relationships with the other two methods gave lower correlation coefficients. All the soils tested were deficient in N and thus no criticallevelfor N could be established while six soils out of 10 were deficient in P. The critical soil P level for Olsen method was estimated to be 20 mg Ikg. The extracted K values were all found to be higher than critical values established elsewhere. Therefore; Nand P are important constraints to rice production in Tanzania and appropriate recommendations should be drawn and demonstrated to farmers. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Suitable diagnostic en_US
dc.subject Criteria en_US
dc.subject Indices en_US
dc.subject Indices en_US
dc.title Assessment of soil N, P, and K status of selected paddy growing areas of Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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