Sokoine University of Agriculture

Effects on direct sun drying of maize grains on perforated and unperforated surface

Show simple item record Silayo, V.C.K. Woods, J. L. 2017-12-18T05:44:25Z 2017-12-18T05:44:25Z 2000
dc.identifier.issn 0856 668X
dc.description Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2000, VoL 3(2) : 97-102 en_US
dc.description.abstract Sun drying ofmqize grains on unperforated and perforatedsurfaceswas conducted under simulated solar radiation intensity of afJout 800 Wlm: and in the field, where solar radiation intensity was variable. ,The drying depths employed were 10, 20, 30 and 40 mm under simulated solar radiation conditions and 20 and 40 mm in the field The response variables measured were weight loss at all depths and moisture content and temperature distributions in the 40-mm depth bed The results in terms of overall drying rates indicate that, at depths greater than 10 mm, the perforated surface was superior (P < 0.05) to the unperforated and at 40 mm th.e efJectwas about double that of the contro/. Changi,!gof dryingdepthfrom 10 to. either 20 or 30 mm on the perforated surface did not affoct the specific drying rates significantly (P < 0.05) 'except on 40/,;;n depth. On the unperforated surface the overall specific drying rates decreased significantly (P<O. 05) with ~hange oj drying depth from 10 to 20 mm and above: Lolt'er moisture gradients were achieved on th£! ierforaied surface and despite the higher drying rates temperatures in the bed were , lower than on the u;lperforated surface. In order for high drying throughput to be achieved, drying depth ' of about 30';"m on perforated surfaces is recommended. Sun drying in the field yielded results that were similar to those obtained under simulated solar radiation conditions despite the fluctuating nature ofterrestrial solar radiation intenSity. Further work in the field, focusing on theefJect of aperture size ofperforations and 'the gap ~ize between the drying surface and the ground floor for perforated surfaces is needed.'" en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Sun drying en_US
dc.subject Simulated solar,radiation en_US
dc.subject Unperforated furface en_US
dc.subject Perforated surface en_US
dc.title Effects on direct sun drying of maize grains on perforated and unperforated surface en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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