Sokoine University of Agriculture

Albinism: awareness, attitudes and level of albinos’ predicament in Sukumaland, Tanzania

Show simple item record Masanja, M. M. Mvena, Z. S. K. Kayunze, K. A. 2017-12-05T08:40:25Z 2017-12-05T08:40:25Z 2014
dc.identifier.issn 382-395
dc.description Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 2014; 3 (4): 382-395 en_US
dc.description.abstract In Tanzania, persons with albinism (PWA), continue to be less valued, rejected, attacked and killed for ritual purposes. This study examined the situation of PWA and their households resulting from killings and attacks on them. Specifically, the study assessed the level of awareness, attitudes towards albinism and PWA and level of predicament felt by members of households with PWA. An albinism understanding test and attitudinal scales (Likert and Semantic differential scales) were used to determine attitudes towards albinism and level of dilemma felt. A linear regression model was used to determine the impacts of various variables on the level of predicament. Knowledge on albinism was found to be moderate. Levels of awareness were significantly associated with respondents’ age (p = 0.004), sex (p = 0.017), education level (p < 0.0001), religion (p < 0.001) and ethnic group (p = 0.025). Four-fifths of the respondents (80%) had negative attitudes towards albinism and PWA. Unfavourable attitude was highly associated with education level and occupation (p < 0.001). Level of PWA predicament was higher among household members being significantly impacted positively by level of albinism awareness (β = 0.500), but negatively impacted by attitude towards albinism (β = -313) and age (β = -0.191). Age, education, sex and belief determined level of knowledge on albinism. Education level determined attitudes of respondents. Albinism awareness determined the level of predicament felt. The fight against negative beliefs and attitudes towards albinism requires properly designed albinism awareness creation programme. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering en_US
dc.subject Albinism en_US
dc.subject Awareness en_US
dc.subject Attitude en_US
dc.subject Albinos’ predicament en_US
dc.subject Sukumaland en_US
dc.title Albinism: awareness, attitudes and level of albinos’ predicament in Sukumaland, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url en_US

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