Sokoine University of Agriculture

The role of livestock keeping in tuberculosis trends in Arusha, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Mfinanga, S. G.
dc.contributor.author Mørkve, O.
dc.contributor.author Kazwala, R. R.
dc.contributor.author Cleaveland, S.
dc.contributor.author Sharp, J. M.
dc.contributor.author Shirima, G.
dc.contributor.author Nilsen, R.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-24T13:39:31Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-24T13:39:31Z
dc.date.issued 2003-01-15
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/1716
dc.description The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2003, Vol.7(7):695–704 en_US
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess risk factors that might influence TB control in the general population and in livestockkeepers. METHODS: Of 242 villages in four districts, 27 were selected randomly. In each village, a general and a livestock- keeping group were selected at random. The households were home-visited and 426 family members were interviewed. RESULTS: On average, three-quarters of households practised at least one risk activity for transmission of zoonotic tuberculosis, and respondents had poor knowledge about tuberculosis. In the livestock-keeping group, the risks of having a tuberculosis patient in the family were determined by poor ventilation (OR 2.6, 95%CI 1.1–6.5), confining livestock indoors with people (OR 2.3, 95%CI 1.1–5.0) and multiple determinants including poor ventilation (OR 13.5, 95%CI 2.5–71.7). Risk activities and the risks of having a tuberculosis patient in a family were significantly higher in the livestock-keeping group. CONCLUSIONS: The respondents had limited knowledge about tuberculosis, and the households had practices that posed potential risks for both human and bovine tuberculosis infection. Poor ventilation and confining livestock indoors were associated with tuberculosis spread in the households. These risks were observed more in the livestock-keeping group than in the general population group. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease en_US
dc.subject Livestock en_US
dc.subject Risk en_US
dc.subject Tuberculosis en_US
dc.title The role of livestock keeping in tuberculosis trends in Arusha, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iuatld/ijtld/2003/00000007/00000007/art00016 en_US


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