Sokoine University of Agriculture

The critically endangered kipunji Rungwecebus kipunji of southern Tanzania: First census and assessment of distribution conservation status assessment

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dc.contributor.author Davenport, R. B.
dc.contributor.author De Luca, D. W.
dc.contributor.author Jones, T
dc.contributor.author Mpunga, N. E.
dc.contributor.author Machaga, S. J.
dc.contributor.author Kitegile, A.
dc.contributor.author Phillipps, G. P.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-23T17:12:12Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-23T17:12:12Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.issn 352-359
dc.identifier.uri https://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/1685
dc.description.abstract We present the first assessments of the population, distribution and conservation status of the recently described kipunji Rungwecebus kipunji in forests in the Southern Highlands and Udzungwa Mountains of southern Tanzania. Surveys totalling 2,864 hours and covering 3,456 km of transects were undertaken to determine distribution and group numbers, following which 772 hours of simultaneous multi-group observations in Rungwe-Kitulo and Ndundulu forests, in the Southern Highlands and Udzungwa Mountains respectively, enabled 209 total counts to be carried out. We estimate there are c. 1,042 individuals in Rungwe-Kitulo, with 25–39 individuals per group (mean 30.65 ± SE 0.62, n = 34), and 75 individuals, with 15–25 per group (mean 18.75 ± SE 2.39, n = 4) in Ndundulu. We estimate a total kipunji population of 1,117 in 38 groups, with 15–39 per group (mean 29.39 ± SE 0.85, n = 38). The Ndundulu population may no longer be viable and the Rungwe-Kitulo population is highly fragmented, with isolated sub-populations in degraded habitat. We recorded areas of occupancy of 1,079 and 199 ha in Rungwe-Kitulo and Ndundulu, respectively, giving a total of 1,278 ha. We estimate the species’ extent of occurrence to be 1,769 ha, with 1,241 and 528 ha in Rungwe-Kitulo and Ndundulu, respectively. We believe the kipunji faces an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild and recommend the species and genus be categorized as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Library and Archives en_US
dc.subject Kipunji en_US
dc.subject Primates en_US
dc.subject Census en_US
dc.subject Critically Endangered en_US
dc.subject Rungwecebus en_US
dc.subject Tanzania en_US
dc.title The critically endangered kipunji Rungwecebus kipunji of southern Tanzania: First census and assessment of distribution conservation status assessment en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/oryx/article/ en_US


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