Sokoine University of Agriculture

Pest status of leucaena psyllid, Heteropsylla Cubana crawford (Homoptera: Psyllidae) and biological control agents in eastern Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Lyimo, P. J.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-19T16:16:42Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-19T16:16:42Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.uri https://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/1643
dc.description A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ECOSYSTEMS SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT OF SOKOINE UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE. MOROGORO, TANZANIA. en_US
dc.description.abstract Heteropsylla cubana has caused damaging effects to Leucaena leucocephala in Tanzania since its outbreak in 1992. The major objectives of the study were; to determine population density of H. cubana, mummies of T. leucaena and P. yaseeni, indigenous predators associated with H. cubana, infestation density and shoot health of L. leucocephala resulting from H. cubana attack in Morogoro and Tanga region. The Point Centre Quarter method was employed to select L. leucocephala for observation of H. cubana, mummies, indigenous predators, infestation and shoot health. R and Excel program software were used in data analysis to obtain descriptive statistics of observed data. The mean number of eggs, small nymphs, medium nymphs, large nymphs and adults per 15cm terminal shoot were 14.24, 11.77, 8.78, 4.79 and 2.81 in Morogoro and 11.40, 8.16, 5.80, 3.72 and 2.42 in Tanga respectively. The population density of eggs differ significantly among crown levels (upper, middle and lower) and not significant among dbh classes (1-5 cm, 6-15 cm and >15 cm) in Morogoro. The situation was different in Tanga where there was no significant difference among crown level and dbh classes. The interaction between dbh classes and crown level was not significantly different in both Morogoro and Tanga for eggs population density. The mean number mummies of T. Leucaenae and P. yaseeni were 2.33 and 1.68 in Tanga and 2.64 and 2.1 in Morogoro respectively. The dominant indigenous predators found were spiders followed by ladybird beetles, dragonflies and lacewings for adult and regenerants L. leucocephala. The infestation density and shoot damage were slightly high in Morogoro compared to Tanga for adults and regenerants L. leucocephala. The study has found good shoot health and small injury to L. leucocephala. Farmers are advised to plant L. leucocephala for various usesas psyllid’s population is no longer a problem. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Sokoine University of Agriculture en_US
dc.subject Heteropsylla cubana en_US
dc.subject Leucaena leucocephala en_US
dc.subject Indigenous predators en_US
dc.subject Biological control agents en_US
dc.subject Eastern Tanzania en_US
dc.title Pest status of leucaena psyllid, Heteropsylla Cubana crawford (Homoptera: Psyllidae) and biological control agents in eastern Tanzania en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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