Sokoine University of Agriculture

Pedological Characterization, Clay Mineralogy and Classification of Some Soils of Mikese Area, Morogoro District, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Msanya, B. M.
dc.contributor.author Kimaro, D. N.
dc.contributor.author Kimbi, G. G.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-06-14T13:26:11Z
dc.date.available 2017-06-14T13:26:11Z
dc.date.issued 1999
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/1592
dc.description Article en_US
dc.description.abstract A study was carried out in Mikese Ward, Morogoro District, with the objective to make an inventory of the soils of the area, to determine their physico-chemical and mineralogical properties and to classify them. Eight soil profiles were identified and form three major groups of soils namely, very deep, well drained, dark reddish brown to dark brown, sandy clay loams and san:ly clays on the steep convex slopes; very deep, well drained, dark brown to dark red, sandy clay Loams and sandy clays on the linear slopes; and very deep, well and imperfectly drained sandy loams to sandy clay loams and sandy clays in the valley bottoms. The soils of the convex and linear sLopes classified as Isohyperthermic, deep, mixed, Kanhaplic Haplustalfs and Isohyperthermic, deep, mixed Oxic Ustropepts representing a relatively advanced pedogenic development as indicated by high contents of Fe, Al and Ti and relatively low SUAI ratios. The soils of the valley bottoms classified as Isohyperthermic, deep, mixed, Typic Argiustolls, Isohyperthermic, deep, mixed, Typic Tropaquepts and Isohypenhermic, deep, mixed, FLuventic Ustropepts. These soils are of Lowto intermediate pedogenic deveLopment as indicated by the relatively Lower Fe, Al and Ti contents and both high Si and SUAl ratios. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the studied soils have a mixed clay mineraLogy including kaolinite and mica. Small amounts of smectite were identified in one profile with alkaline subsoil reaction. Bulk densities of surface horizons are relatively lower than those of subsoils ranging from 1.-1to 1.6 /!fglnr in topsoils andfrom 1.4£0 1.9 Mg/m' in subsoils. Total porosity -ranged from 40 to 58% insurfacesoils Md from 28 to 32 % in subsoils. Available waterholding capacities of the soils are between 155 and 248 mm/m of soil. The soils have overall poor supply of Nand P. The basic cations Ca ++: Mg+ + and K+ are medium to high throughout the profiles. The CEC of the soils is.very low with values ranging from 6 to 13 cmoit +)/kg soil). These results - imply that continuous utilization of the soils for crop production without proper management will result into a drastic loss of soil fertility. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD) en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Science;1
dc.subject Pedological characterization en_US
dc.subject Mineralogy en_US
dc.subject Soil classification en_US
dc.subject Morogoro en_US
dc.title Pedological Characterization, Clay Mineralogy and Classification of Some Soils of Mikese Area, Morogoro District, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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