Sokoine University of Agriculture

Calf health and management in smallholder dairy farms in Tanzania

Show simple item record Chang’a, J.S Mdegela, R.H Ryoba, H Løken, T Reksen, O 2017-03-23T08:25:27Z 2017-03-23T08:25:27Z 2010-06-25
dc.description Tropical Animal Health and Production 2010; 42:1669–1676. en_US
dc.description.abstract Abstract Smallholder farmers’ knowledge and practice of dairy calf management on 129 farms with calves less than 10 months of age in Southeastern and Southern Highland areas of Tanzania was assessed. The method of study included both a farm visit and completion of a questionnaire. Most of the farmers were female, with a primary level of education, and majority kept 1–3 milking cows thatyielded 6–10 l milk/cow/day. Most of the calves were fed milk using a residual calf suckling system. Weaning age was 3–8 months. Overall, the body condition of the calves was poor, ranged from 1 to 2.5 with a mode of 2. The majority of the farmers believed that helminthosis was the most common disease condition affecting the calves; diarrhea was ranked as the second. Calf death was reported by 20% of the farmers to have occurred in their herd lasting the 2 years prior to the study. Calf body condition score was related to body weight for calves younger than 9 weeks, andolder than 23 weeks of age, whereas no such relationship existed in the age group 9 to 23 weeks. The sex distribution was skewed with less male calves being older than 23 weeks. We hypothesize that male calves experience inferior management compared with female calves. This studydemonstrates a low level of knowledge on, and poor practices of calf management among the surveyed farmers that suggest the need for educational intervention. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer Verlag (Germany) en_US
dc.subject Body condition score en_US
dc.subject Calf health en_US
dc.subject Smallholder dairy farmers en_US
dc.subject Residual calf suckling en_US
dc.title Calf health and management in smallholder dairy farms in Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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