Sokoine University of Agriculture

Implementation and opportunity costs of reducing deforestation and forest degradation in Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Fisher, Brendan
dc.contributor.author Lewis, Simon L.
dc.contributor.author Burgess, Neil D.
dc.contributor.author Malimbwi, Rogers E.
dc.contributor.author Munishi, Panteleo K.
dc.contributor.author Swetnam, Ruth D.
dc.contributor.author Turner, Kerry
dc.contributor.author Willcock, Simon
dc.contributor.author Balmford, Andrew
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-27T11:36:37Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-27T11:36:37Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.uri http://www.suaire.sua.ac.tz/handle/123456789/1293
dc.description NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE VOL 1, JUNE 2011 en_US
dc.description.abstract The Cancún Agreements provide strong backing for a REDDC (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) mechanism whereby developed countries pay developing ones for forest conservation1. REDDC has potential to simultaneously deliver cost-effective climate change mitigation and human development2–5. However, most REDDC analysis has used coarse-scale data, overlooked important opportunity costs to tropical forest users4,5 and failed to consider how to best invest funds to limit leakage, that is, merely displacing deforestation6. Here we examine these issues for Tanzania, a REDDCcountry, by comparing district-scale carbon losses from deforestation with the opportunity costs of carbon conservation. Opportunity costs are estimated as rents from both agriculture and charcoal production (the most important proximate causes of regional forest conversion7–9). As an alternativewe also calculate the implementation costs of alleviating the demand for forest conversion—thereby addressing the problem of leakage—by raising agricultural yields on existing cropland and increasing charcoal fuel-use efficiency. The implementation costs exceed the opportunity costs of carbon conservation (medians of US$6.50 versus US$3.90 per Mg CO2), so effective REDDC policies may cost more than simpler estimates suggest. However, even if agricultural yields are doubled, implementation is possible at the competitive price of US$12 per Mg CO2. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE;VOL 1 j JUNE 2011
dc.subject Forest Degradation en_US
dc.subject Deforestation en_US
dc.subject REDDC en_US
dc.subject Climate change mitigation en_US
dc.subject Charcoal production en_US
dc.subject Carbon conservation en_US
dc.title Implementation and opportunity costs of reducing deforestation and forest degradation in Tanzania en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.url www.nature.com/natureclimatechange en_US


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